All About Mushrooms

Buy, Store, and Cook With Mushrooms

Mushrooms are edible fungi full of deep woodsy flavor that add depth and heartiness to dishes. There are untold varieties of edible mushrooms, but as different as their flavors are they can be treated and used in much the same way.

  • 01 of 05

    How to Buy Mushrooms

    Chanterelle Mushrooms

    The Spruce / Molly Watson

    Mushrooms should look fresh and smell good. Avoid mushrooms that have any whiff of mildew, mold, or musty smell rather than a clean, woodsy scent. Also avoid mushrooms that look shriveled, desiccated, darkened, wet, or moldy. The exact texture will depend on the variety of the mushroom, of course, but in general, mushrooms should be relatively firm, not limp or squishy.

  • 02 of 05

    How to Store Mushrooms

    Brown paper bag

    Thomas Northcut / Getty Images

    Store mushrooms in a paper bag in the refrigerator or wrapped in paper towels and then loosely wrapped with plastic. Enclosing mushrooms in a plastic bag will make them sweat and spoil more quickly. Wild mushrooms will last for a few days stored this way; cultivated mushrooms will last up to a week or two.

  • 03 of 05

    How to Clean Mushrooms

    Floating collanders

    Andrew Malone / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Mushrooms are like sponges and will soak up any water they get near. Minimize how much water mushrooms are exposed to or they will get water-laden and soggy. Relatively clean mushrooms can simply be brushed clean with a pastry brush or dry paper towel. For more cleaning power, use a damp paper towel. If you must rinse or wash them, put the mushrooms in a large basin of cold water, swish them around, and quickly lift them out of the water and into a colander or layers of paper towels so the water can drip off the mushrooms quickly.

    One trick that we use with morel mushrooms or any fungi infused with bits from the meadows and woods where they grew: start by putting them in a paper bag, shake fairly vigorously, and lift the mushrooms out of the bag. This will loosen dirt and other debris and leave it behind in the bag. Such mushrooms usually then require the rinse of water described above, but it's a good start to getting them clean.

  • 04 of 05

    Mushroom Varieties

    Shitake Mushrooms

    The Spruce / Molly Watson

    There are tons of mushrooms out there, and more and more of them are finding their way to markets.

    Continue to 5 of 5 below.
  • 05 of 05

    How to Cook Mushrooms

    Sauteed Morel Mushrooms

    The Spruce / Molly Watson

    Too many fine mushrooms are ruined by slow, stewing heat. Mushrooms are at their best when quickly cooked over very high heat so as they release their liquid it is cooked off quickly.

    Mushrooms are also delicious grilled (if they're large enough), cooked in soups, and used in stuffing.