What Is Amer Picon?

Production, Substitutions, and Recipes

Bottles of Picon

Claus Ableiter / CC-BY-SA-3.0 / Wikimedia Commons

Amer Picon (or Picon Amer) is a bittersweet French aperitif with a unique orange flavor. It is made with orange peels, gentian root, and cinchona. Amer Picon made an appearance in the original recipes for many classic cocktails but is primarily enjoyed in France today. Drinkers outside of Europe, including in the U.S., have been unable to find it on liquor store shelves for decades. The good news is that even if you can't get a bottle of Amer Picon itself, viable substitutes are available.

Substitutions

Amer Picon was widely available when many of the first bartending books were written and that is why it appears in so many recipes from the time. Since it is now a challenge to find outside of France and Europe, this leaves aficionados who want to recreate those drinks looking for alternatives.

In 2008, Golden Moon Distillery opened its doors in Golden, Colorado, with a focus on reviving old herbal liqueurs. Among their offerings is Golden Moon Amer dit Picon. According to head distiller Stephen Gould, it uses the original 1830s recipe of Amer Picon, with one exception. Golden Moon Amer dit Picon is bottled at 39 percent ABV (78 proof). It is available at a number of liquor stores, including online and those that specialize in craft spirits.

Attempts have been made at homemade reproductions of Amer Picon and the majority have failed. The one that has been tested and approved by classic cocktail experts was developed by Jamie Boudreau. It is noted as being the closest recreation of the original formula and even compared to well-guarded bottles that remain in private collections. The recipe is dubbed "Amer Boudreau."

There are a number of other substitutes available, though none comes as close in flavor to Amer Picon as either version from Golden Moon or Boudreau.

  • Amer Torani: This is an Amer Picon replica produced in the U.S. It is not a highly recommended substitute though it is decent, easy to find, and commonly used.
  • Amaro CioCiaro: Produced in Italy, this is one of the best substitutes for Amer Picon.
  • Ramazzotti Amaro: A suitable Italian substitute, it is also the base used for Boudreau's recipe.
  • Amaro Montenegro: Compared to others, this is a very light amaro. Made in Italy, it lacks the orange component, which is central to Amer Picon. 
  • Amaro Nonino: A grappa-based amaro from Italy, this option has a light profile and a slight hint of bitter orange.

Fast Facts

  • Ingredients: Neutral alcohol, orange peel, gentian root, cinchona, sugar, caramel
  • Proof: 42 
  • ABV: 21%
  • Calories in a shot: 99
  • Origin: France
  • Taste: Bittersweet, orange
  • Serve: On the rocks, cocktails

What Is Amer Picon Made From?

Amer translates from French to mean bitter. It is often used to describe a bitter aperitif produced in France, such as Amer Picon (Italians use the word amaro). Picon is the brand name and they now produce three types: Black Label, Biere, and Club.

Amer Picon is made of a proprietary blend created by Gaétan Picon that dates back to 1837. The story is that the French cavalry sergeant fell ill while in Algeria and concocted a medicinal tisane of orange peel, sugar, and quinine. He later mixed it with alcohol and it was common for French soldiers in North Africa to drink it to fight malaria. Picon went on to open a distillery in Marseille, France where he produced Amer Picon.

Orange is the dominant flavor, derived from a maceration of fresh and dried orange peel in neutral alcohol, which is then distilled. A separate maceration of gentian root and cinchona (quinquina or Jesuits' bark; contains quinine) takes place and the two spirits are blended with sugar and caramel.

The recipe changed many times over the years. The original blend was halted during the 1880s when, according to distiller Stephen Gould, "production was moved from North Africa to France." In the 1970s, it was transformed into a weaker form and reduced from 39 percent alcohol by volume (ABV) to its current 21 percent (42 proof). Drinkers who have tasted both formulas tend to describe the change as a disappointment. However, if you've not had the original, then the new recipe will likely be impressive.

Amer Picon facts
The Spruce / Madelyn Goodnight

What Does Amer Picon Taste Like?

This dark amber amer lives up to its style and it is indeed bitter, but that is balanced by a bright bittersweet orange flavor. The bitterness is offset by an underlying sweetness, as well as a dry quinine finish.

Types

When Diageo purchased the Picon brand, more bitters were released. They're all very similar but produced with different mixers in mind.

  • Black Label: The closest to the original Amer Picon, this is the 21 percent ABV (42 proof) version. Its label is primarily black and it is simply labeled "Picon Amer."
  • Biere: This bottle is distinguished by its red label and "Biere" in the gold band under the name Picon. It's bottled at 18 percent ABV (36 proof) and designed to be mixed with a pilsner or wheat beer for a shandy-like drink. However, it's nothing like the lemonade shandy that's so familiar today.
  • Club: Also a 36-proof version, this one has a predominately white label with "Club" in the gold band. It was made to be mixed with white or sparkling wine, tonic, or seltzer.

Where to Buy Amer Picon

Amer Picon is not available for sale in the United States or North America. Nor will you be able to find it in much of the world outside of Europe. Tales abound of people using their travels to acquire the elusive aperitif. It is easy to find in many parts of Europe, particularly in France where it is produced, and some mention picking it up in Tokyo.

Shopping for Amer Picon online is also a daunting task. Very few websites have it available, though The Whisky Exchange does carry all three expressions. They receive many inquiries for Amer Picon and will generally ship most places—the U.S. included, but not Canada. It is recommended that you double-check with them prior to ordering as shipping regulations fluctuate.

How to Drink Amer Picon

As an aperitif, Amer Picon can aid digestion when drunk before a meal. It's most common to serve it over ice when enjoyed on its own as that mellows the complex flavor perfectly. It's also brilliant in mixed drinks and cocktails. The simplicity of topping it with beer, white or sparkling wine, tonic water, or seltzer transforms it into a refreshing drink. The Picon punch is a popular cocktail recipe in France and some people enjoy it with lemon syrup and seltzer. Other classic cocktails that call for Amer Picon are equally sophisticated and simple, allowing the bitter to shine.

Cocktail Recipes

Due to its availability issues, many recipes that called for Amer Picon have since been revised for a substitute. A few hold strong and remain favorites for the elusive liqueur:

  • Picon Punch: Made by combining 1 1/2 ounces Amer Picon and 1/4 ounce of grenadine in an ice-filled glass, then topping it off with seltzer. Some recipes use a lemon peel garnish, while others use an orange slice. A brandy float is optional too.
  • Brooklyn Cocktail: For this one, mix 2 ounces rye whiskey, 1 ounce dry vermouth, and 1/4 ounce each of maraschino liqueur and Amer Picon. Stir the ingredients with ice, then strain into a chilled cocktail glass.
  • Liberal Cocktail 
  • Metropolitan Cocktail