Many cultures, including Chinese people, have been drinking tea for thousands of years. It’s generally believed drinking tea is a very healthy way of living. Some medical research has shown drinking tea regularly can help people lower LDL cholesterol (also known as bad cholesterol), reduce the risks of getting a cardio disease, cancer, and strokes, prevent diabetes, improve your metabolism and immune system. It can also reduce the chances of getting Alzheimer's so based on research tea is a great thing to drink.
No matter what kind of tea you are drinking, whether it be green or black tea, all come from the same plant called Camellia Sinensis. The real difference between black and green tea (and any other tea) is from the way they are made. Black tea is made from fermentation while green tea doesn’t pass through this process. During fermentation, many of the natural benefits from the tea can be reduced or damaged. This is due to the fermentation process.
Black Tea Health Benefits
Black tea originates from the Camellia sinensis plant. Oftentimes it is blended with other plants. This creates other flavors like Earl Grey, English breakfast, or chai. It is known for its strong flavor. Black tea has a higher level of caffeine than other teas but contains less caffeine than coffee.
Black tea contains antioxidants. These have a variety of health benefits and reduce inflammation in the body. Additionally, this type of tea has flavonoids, which are known to boost heart health. Other benefits that black tea may offer are improving gut health, reducing the risk of stroke, reducing blood pressure, and lowering blood sugar levels. Black tea is simple to make, requiring only a few minutes and only requires tea (either loose or in bag form) and boiling water.
Green Tea Health Benefits
Green tea contains the antioxidant EGCG which contains medicinal properties that can be used to treat various diseases. Green tea contains caffeine, which is a known stimulant that has been shown to improve brain function including better moods and more focus. While the caffeine content isn’t as strong as coffee, green tea also contains the amino acid L-theanine which can also improve brain function and reduce anxiety.
Regular consumption of green tea can help burn fat and improve physical performance. Green tea is great for your teeth. The catechins in green tea can kill bacteria in your mouth and also help prevent you from catching influenza.
Like black tea, green tea is easy to make and doesn't require any special ingredients or equipment. Enjoy green tea with the subtly sweet nokcha (green tea) cake.
Besides all the health benefits, drinking tea can have a calming effect on the mind and body. The water provides hydration and the experience of drinking a hot beverage can allow you to take a moment out of your day to enjoy, reflect, and pause.
Khan N, Mukhtar H. Tea and health: studies in humans. Curr Pharm Des. 2013;19(34):6141-7.
Rasheed Z. Molecular evidences of health benefits of drinking black tea. Int J Health Sci (Qassim). 2019;13(3):1-3.
Hidese S, Ogawa S, Ota M, et al. Effects of L-Theanine Administration on Stress-Related Symptoms and Cognitive Functions in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2019;11(10). doi:10.3390/nu11102362
Goenka P, Sarawgi A, Karun V, Nigam AG, Dutta S, Marwah N. Camellia sinensis (Tea): Implications and role in preventing dental decay. Pharmacogn Rev. 2013;7(14):152-6. doi:10.4103/0973-7847.120515