Modern cheese fondue originated in Switzerland, which is why it typically features Swiss cheeses like Emmental and Gruyère.
Fondue was initially devised as a way of using up stale bread and scraps of cheese. But over time it has become a holiday tradition, particularly around Christmas and New Year's. Which makes sense, since fondue is a communal dish, and it's perfect for cold weather because it's so warm and satisfying—and also because no one probably feels like cooking and a lot of restaurants might be closed.
This traditional cheese fondue recipe features both Emmental and Gruyère cheeses as well as a type of brandy called Kirschwasser (also called Kirsch), which is made from cherries. If you can't find Kirschwasser, you can substitute brandy or cognac. But don't use cherry liqueur — it's too sweet.
Also, if you can't find Emmental and/or Gruyère, you could substitute domestic Swiss cheese, Gouda or Fontina. But be careful of making too many substitutions, or what you end up with may not really resemble traditional cheese fondue.
You'll need a good heatproof fondue pot for this fondue recipe. Personally I prefer the type that where you can melt the cheese on the stovetop and then keep it warm with one of those little fire gel containers. I've seen electric fondue pots, but you have to run the power cord off your dinner table, which means it's pretty much guaranteed that someone is going to trip over it and knock a whole pot of molten hot cheese onto someone.
- 1 French baguette (day-old)
- 1/4 pound Emmental cheese
- 1/4 pound Gruyere cheese
- 2 tablespoons Kirschwasser (see note above)
- 1 tablespoon cornstarch
- 1 clove garlic
- 1 cup dry white wine (like Chablis or Riesling, or even a dry Champagne)
- Kosher salt (to taste)
- Freshly ground black pepper (to taste)
- Pinch of nutmeg
Gather the ingredients.
Cut bread into bite-sized cubes.
Roughly cut the cheeses into small chunks. This technique is preferable to grating it, as it will melt more smoothly.
Combine the cornstarch and Kirsch and mix to form a slurry.
Peel the garlic clove and cut it in half, then rub the inside of a heatproof fondue pot with the cut garlic clove.
Pour in the wine and bring it to a gentle simmer, but don't boil.
Add the cheese a handful or so at a time, stirring until it's melted before adding more.
Season to taste with salt, pepper, and nutmeg.
Adjust the consistency of the cheese sauce with warmed wine if it becomes too thick.
Serve bread cubes with skewers or long fondue forks for dipping into the fondue.