Classic Sicilian Arancini (Arancine di Riso)

Classic Sicilian arancini rice balls

The Spruce / Diana Chistruga

  • Total: 105 mins
  • Prep: 60 mins
  • Cook: 45 mins
  • Yield: 6 servings
Nutritional Guidelines (per serving)
701 Calories
27g Fat
83g Carbs
29g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 6 servings
Amount per serving
Calories 701
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 27g 34%
Saturated Fat 9g 46%
Cholesterol 201mg 67%
Sodium 867mg 38%
Total Carbohydrate 83g 30%
Dietary Fiber 5g 20%
Protein 29g
Calcium 287mg 22%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

Arancini, rice balls stuffed with sauce and peas, are one of the best-loved Sicilian snacks and street foods, and they have become increasingly popular throughout Italy and worldwide.

The filling in this recipe is one of the most classic—a meat ragù, green peas, and melty mozzarella, but there are endless other types of fillings including pistachios, mushrooms, prosciutto and mozzarella, ham, spinach, and more.

The rice is scented with saffron and the rice balls are rolled in breadcrumbs before frying them into croquettes. Usually, they're made with caciocavallo cheese, but since that can be difficult to find outside of Southern Italy, Parmigiano-Reggiano is used in this recipe.

They can be eaten as an antipasto or snack, or even as a meal when coupled with perhaps a salad or soup. 

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Watch Now: Classic Sicilian Arancini Rice Ball Recipe

Ingredients

  • For the Rice
  • 10 1/2 ounces short-grain rice (Vialone Nano, Carnaroli, or Arborio)
  • 1/4 teaspoon crushed saffron
  • 1 1/2 cups water
  • 2 tablespoons freshly grated Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese
  • 4 teaspoons unsalted butter
  • Fine sea salt (to taste)
  • Freshly ground black pepper (to taste)
  • For the Meat Sauce and Filling
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1/3 cup yellow onion (about 1/2 small, finely chopped)
  • 3 tablespoons carrot (finely chopped )
  • 3 tablespoons celery (finely chopped)
  • 3 ounces ground beef
  • 3 ounces ground pork
  • 2 tablespoons dry red wine
  • 2 teaspoons tomato paste (doppio concentrato di pomodoro)
  • 1 cup tomato purée (passata di pomodoro)
  • 1/3 cup green peas (fresh or frozen)
  • For the Rice Balls
  • Optional: 4.4 ounces fresh mozzarella cheese (diced, you can leave this out for a slightly lighter/less cheesy arancino)
  • 1⁄4 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/2 cup water
  • Pinch salt
  • 2 cups breadcrumbs
  • 2 inches neutral vegetable oil (for frying)

Steps to Make It

Note: while there are multiple steps to this recipe, Sicilian arancini is broken down into workable categories to help you better plan for preparation and cooking.

Make the Rice

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for rice
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  2. In a large saucepan over medium-high heat, place the rice, saffron, and 1 1/2 cups water and bring to a boil.

    Rice and saffron
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  3. Cover, reduce heat to low, and let simmer about 15 to 20 minutes or until all of the water has been absorbed.

    Saffron and rice
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  4. Remove lid, stir in grated Parmigiano, butter, salt, and pepper, to taste.

    Remove lid
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  5. Spread the rice out on a large plate or baking dish to cool completely to room temperature.

    Spread rice out
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga

Make the Meat Sauce and Filling

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for meat sauce
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  2. First, you'll start with a classic sofrito: Heat the olive oil in a small saucepan over medium-high heat. Add the onions, carrots, and celery and sauté, stirring often, until softened and the onions are translucent - about 8 to 10 minutes.

    Sofrito
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  3. Add the ground beef and pork and fry, stirring often, until browned - about 5 to 8 minutes.

    Add ground beef
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  4. Add the wine and let cook until the alcohol aroma has reduced - about 1 minute.

    Add wine
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  5. Stir in the tomato paste and tomato purée, reduce the heat to medium-low, and cook, stirring occasionally - about 10 minutes.

    Stir in meat sauce
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  6. Add the peas and continue to simmer the sauce for another 8 to 10 minutes, or until the peas are tender and the sauce is thickened. It should not be too liquidy.

    Add peas
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  7. Transfer the filling to a bowl and set aside to let it cool.

    Transfer filling to bowl
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga

Assemble and Fry the Arancini (Rice Balls)

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for rice balls
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  2. Once the rice and filling are completely cooled, start shaping your rice balls.

    Rice on pan
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  3. Place 1 heaping tablespoon of rice in the palm of one hand, then use your fingers and thumb to shape it into a hollow bowl shape.

    Rice in palm
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  4. Place about 1 teaspoon of the filling in the center and 1 to 2 small cubes of diced fresh mozzarella (if using).

    Rice in palm
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  5. Then gently close the rice around the filling to form either a round ball shape or a cone/pear shape. 

    Rice in hand
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  6. When all of your arancini have been formed, whisk together the flour, eggs, 1/2 cup of water, and a pinch of salt in a shallow bowl until smooth.

    Egg in dish
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  7. Spread the bread crumbs in a plate or baking dish.

    Spread breadcrumbs on plate
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  8. Gently roll each ball first in the egg-flour-water-salt mixture, letting any excess drip off.

    Gently roll each ball
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  9. Then roll them in the breadcrumbs until evenly coated.

    Breadcrumbs on rice ball
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  10. At this point, you can refrigerate your arancini for 20 to 30 minutes to let them firm up if they seem a bit too loose or liquidy. If not, you can go directly to frying.

    Rice balls on plate
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  11. Heat about 2 inches of neutral frying oil to 360F.

    Oil in pot
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  12. Fry your arancini in batches of just 2 to 3 at a time, being careful not to overcrowd the pot until they are evenly golden-brown - about 3 minutes.

    Fry arancini
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  13. Transfer them to a paper-towel-lined plate to drain.

    Fry rice balls
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  14. Serve hot.

    Rice balls
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga
  15. Enjoy!

    Classic Sicilian arancini rice balls
    The Spruce / Diana Chistruga

What's in a Name?

There is considerable debate among Sicilians themselves as to whether these golden fried rice balls should properly be called arancini (masculine) or arancine (feminine). 

In western Sicily, around Palermo and Agrigento, they're usually called arancine and have a round shape. There, it is argued, that since the name derives from the Italian word arancia (meaning "orange," as in the round fruit that these rice balls resemble in shape and color, arancine meaning "little oranges"), then technically arancine is more correct.

In eastern Sicily, meanwhile, particularly around Messina and Catania, arancino is the term more commonly used, and the arancini have a more pear-shaped or conical form, rounder at the bottom and pointed at the top. There, the reasoning is that the term derives from the name of the fruit in Sicilian dialect -- arànciu.

It's nearly impossible to say which is really correct since both arguments have some merit although, at this point, arancino has become the more widely diffused name, particularly in English-speaking countries.

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