A Simple Kibbeh

Dark brown kibbeh balls with meat filling on a plate

The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

Prep: 85 mins
Cook: 5 mins
Soak and Cool Time: 40 mins
Total: 2 hrs 10 mins
Servings: 9 servings
Yield: 25 small kibbeh
Nutrition Facts (per serving)
455 Calories
32g Fat
14g Carbs
31g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 9
Amount per serving
Calories 455
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 32g 41%
Saturated Fat 6g 32%
Cholesterol 90mg 30%
Sodium 304mg 13%
Total Carbohydrate 14g 5%
Dietary Fiber 4g 13%
Total Sugars 3g
Protein 31g
Vitamin C 41mg 204%
Calcium 48mg 4%
Iron 4mg 22%
Potassium 598mg 13%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

Kibbeh, a form of the Arabic word kubbah or "ball," is a staple in Middle Eastern cuisine. Made out of lamb or beef, these football-shaped croquettes are a flavorful blend of fragrant herbs and spices, filling meat, and hearty bulgur wheat. Delicious as an appetizer or side dish, the hearty zeppelins are wonderful when served with hummus, khyar bi laban (a yogurt-cucumber salad), pita bread, and labneh (strained yogurt).

There are many recipes for kibbeh, as many countries have a local version, but two main types exist: cooked or raw. Kibbeh nabilseeyah is the fried version, like ours, in which balls of raw meat are stuffed with cooked meat and then deep-fried. Kibbeh nayyeh, the raw version, is served with bread and other accompaniments like lemons and chopped onions. Other methods bake the whole preparation—similarly to a flat meatloaf—boil it in broth, skewer it, and grill it in patties or elongated sausage-like shapes.

Although labor intensive, making kibbeh is not difficult. Our recipe for these crunchy and meaty croquettes is easy and perfect for beginners. Prep ahead and reheat in the oven, or make bigger batches, fry, and freeze to have kibbehs at hand for a a quick snack, or light lunch.

If this is your first time cooking with bulgur, check the label and be sure it is a medium variety—there are also coarse and very coarse types that require more soaking and cooking.


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"A great introduction recipe to the process of making kibbeh." —Diana Andrews

A Note From Our Recipe Tester


For the Bulgur:

  • 1/2 pound bulgur

  • 3 cups cold water

For the Beef Preparations:

  • 2 medium onions, 1 finely chopped, 1 coarsely chopped

  • 2 pounds lean ground beef or lamb, divided

  • 1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt, divided

  • 1 1/4 teaspoons freshly ground pepper, divided

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil

  • 1/2 cup toasted pine nuts, optional

  • 1 teaspoon ground allspice

  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin

  • Vegetable oil, for frying

  • Lemon wedges, garnish

Steps to Make It

Soak the Bulgur

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for kibbeh recipe gathered

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  2. In a medium bowl, place the bulgur wheat and add the cold water. Let it soak for 30 minutes.

    Bulgur and water combined in a bowl

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  3. Remove excess water by placing the bulgur in a cheesecloth or clean kitchen towel and thoroughly squeezing. Reserve.

    Bulgur in a cheesecloth on a plate

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

Make the Fine Kibbeh Dough

  1. In a medium bowl, mix the coarsely chopped onion with 1 pound of the meat, the soaked bulgur, 1 teaspoon of the salt, and 1 teaspoon of the pepper. Stir well to combine.

    Bulgur, meat, and onions mixed in a bowl

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  2. Process the mixture in batches in a food processor: Pulse, then process to a sticky, smooth, dough-like consistency, adding some ice as needed to help break down the meat. Repeat the procedure until all of the beef mixture has been processed. Reserve, covered.

    Paste-like kibbeh mixture in the food processor

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

Make the Coarse Kibbeh Stuffing

  1. In a large non-stick skillet over medium-high heat, add the olive oil and the finely chopped onion, and cook, stirring occasionally, until the onions are translucent, about 2 minutes.

    Onions in a frying pan on the burner

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  2. Add the remaining pound of meat and the pine nuts, if using. Break apart the meat with a wooden spoon until well combined. Add the allspice, remaining 1 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper, and the cumin and stir well.

    Onion and meat being stirred in the frying pan on the burner

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  3. Once the beef is no longer pink, remove from the heat and allow it to cool off for 10 minutes.

    Browned crumbly meat mixture in the frying pan

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

Assemble the Kibbeh

  1. Using damp hands, take an egg-sized amount of raw and fine meat mixture and form it into a ball. Using your index finger, poke a hole in the ball, making a pocket for the filling. Add some cooked filling and pinch the top to seal the ball.

    Note: This recipe will yield 25 small-sized kibbeh—about 1 1/4-ounce dough plus 1/2-ounce of filling—so be mindful of how much filling you use when stuffing the raw meat dough.

    Kibbeh stuffing in bulgur shell

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  2. Shape it into a ball, or pinch the ends to form a little football.

    Kibbeh being shaped into a ball in the palm of two hands

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

Fry the Kibbeh

  1. In a deep frying pan or deep-fryer, add 4 cups of oil and heat to 350 F.

    Frying pan with oil on a burner

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  2. Fry the kibbeh in batches until golden brown and crunchy, or about 5 minutes. Be mindful of not overcrowding the pan so the balls cook evenly.

    Kibbeh in bubbling oil in the frying pan

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

  3. Drain on paper towels and serve hot or warm.

    Dark brown kibbeh balls on paper towel on a plate

    The Spruce Eats / Diana Chistruga

How to Store and Freeze Kibbeh

Here are a few tips on how to adequately store kibbeh:

  • Fried kibbeh can be stored in the fridge for up to three days. Reheat in a 350 F oven, fan on, for 15 minutes.
  • Un-fried kibbeh can be kept in the freezer in an airtight container for up to three months. Thaw overnight and fry according to instructions.

What to Use If I Don't Have a Food Processor?

In our kibbeh recipe, the food processor finely grinds and combines the meat, seasonings, and onions, but you can get away without one by choosing one of the following methods:

  • Food Mill: When it's time to process your meat mixture, pass it through a food mill until the desired consistency is achieved. It might take a few times, so work in batches and pass all the mixture at least three times over the food mill.
  • Rolling Pin: Place the finely chopped onion on a clean work surface and start smooshing it with the rolling pin until it becomes soupy. Add the bulgur and roll away until the onions and bulgur become a puree. Place in a bowl and season with salt and pepper. Next, place the meat on the work surface and start rolling away from you, over and over, until the fibers of the meat start giving away and it becomes mushy. Once the meat feels soft, add it to the bowl with the bulgur mixture and vigorously mix with a wooden spoon until it has the desired consistency.
  • Mezzaluna: Place the finely chopped onion, soaked bulgur, and beef on a clean work surface, start chopping the mixture with a mezzaluna over and over again, going in all directions. As the mixture spreads on the work surface collect it back in a mound and start over. Use the mezzaluna until the mixture has a mushy consistency. Season with salt and pepper.