A propane tank provides the gas to outdoor gas grills. You can buy the propane tank at local or chain hardware or grocery stores. Once the gas is used up and the tank is empty, you have two options. You can refill the tank yourself or exchange it for a full replacement tank at a local retailer. The initial cost to buy the tank is higher and then the refill or swap costs are usually slightly lower.
Advantages of Propane Tank Exchange
If you exchange a tank rather than refilling, the process is fast and convenient. It is easier to find an exchange location that is open at odd hours, during nights, or weekends. There are usually far more exchange locations than refill stations. Many are at convenience stores, gas stations, chain stores like Wal-Mart and Home Depot, and grocery stores. In addition, there are services such as Forklift Propane Exchange and Propane Taxi that will deliver exchange tanks to your home or business.
With an exchange, you are assured that the tank is inspected, cleaned, leak-tested, and has up-to-date safety information and instructions printed on the tank. The tank will also have been requalified on schedule. If you receive a tank in exchange that has a leak or problem, you should be able to take up the issue with the vendor. You may want to check online reviews if you have any difficulty with a specific vendor.
Tips for Propane Tank Exchange
Different tanks have a different tare weight (TW), yet the refilled tanks are filled to a total weight. If your tank weighs more empty, you get less gas added on the refill. If you're exchanging a tank, look for one with the lowest tare weight, which will be listed on the tank.
Do not accept a tank that appears to be corroded or old, nor one that is nearing the end of its lifespan. Otherwise, you may find that the exchange site refuses to exchange it next time. Some have a policy of not accepting tanks that are more than five years old. If you bought a new grill and the threading on your old tanks doesn't match the regulator for the new grill, you can exchange them at a tank exchange for ones with the correct threading.
A pro tip is to buy two of the cheapest empty code-compliant tanks you can find and then exchange both tanks for full tanks. Now you have a spare full tank at all times and you can use one tank until it is empty before exchanging it. If you only have a single tank, you often exchange it before it's empty to be sure you don't run out of propane while grilling. The spring gauge on your barbecue often isn't accurate in telling you when your tank is nearing empty.
Advantages of Refilling a Propane Tank
It is less expensive to refill a tank rather than exchanging. If you are diligent about maintaining your propane tanks and checking for leaks yourself, you may prefer to rely on your procedures rather than those of the tank exchange employees.
Some people have noticed they get more propane in the tank when they refill them rather than when using an exchange tank. Some note that it seems to be a policy to fill only 15 pounds in a 20-pound tank. Therefore, you get more propane if you fill it yourself to the 20-pound limit, which still allows for a 20 percent vapor area for safety. If you have a new tank that was included when you bought a grill, you may prefer to refill it for its lifespan rather than exchanging it.
Tips for Refilling Propane Tanks
Some refill stations refuse to refill tanks that are over a specified age limit, such as no older than five years. Be sure to note when your tank will expire. You can get an older tank recertified to extend its lifespan if it is in good condition. You will have to search for a recertification site in your area. You may also be able to exchange it for a newer one at some home improvement stores or other locations. There may be a fee for this service.