Finocchiona, a Tuscan salami flavored with fennel seeds, allegedly owes its origins to a thief at a fair near the town of Prato, who stole a fresh salami and hid it in a stand of wild fennel.
When he returned for it, he found it had absorbed the aromas of its hiding place and had become quite delicious.
Whether or not the story is apocryphal (it likely is), Finocchiona is indeed a wonderful treat. There are two kinds of Finocchiona, the first being Sbriciolona, which is a very fresh, soft, and crumbly style that can be spread over bread with a butter knife. The other is a cured, aged Finocchiona, which is much firmer.
- 9 pounds/4 kg pork (lean, such as shoulder, loin, ham trimmings, or pork chop)
- 2.2 pounds/1 kg pork fat
- 1 large clove garlic
- 4.5 ounces/125 grams fine sea salt (the salami should be about 2.5% salt by weight)
- 1 ounce/25 grams black peppercorns (divided in half and 0.5 ounces, ground)
- 2 teaspoons dried wild fennel seeds (or 1 tablespoon dried domestic fennel seeds)
- 1 cup Chianti wine (aged 4 to 5 years)
- Natural sausage casing, 3 to 4 inches/8 to 10 cm in diameter
Chop the meat quite finely, first the lean meat and then the fat, and combine them in a bowl.
Pound the garlic clove to a fine paste with a mortar and pestle and combine it with the salt, pepper, fennel, and wine.
Mix the seasonings into the meat and work the mixture thoroughly, until it begins to gain a certain degree of cohesion.
Take your casing and fill it, tamping the meat down to keep air pockets from forming.
Press the filling down from the inside and squeeze down from the outside so as to obtain enough free casing at the top to be able to tie it tightly shut with strong string. To keep air from becoming trapped in the middle layers, puncture the casing uniformly with a fine-pointed tool known as a Pettinella (little comb), and continue to press the meat to compact it as much as possible.
At this point, the casing has to be tightly tied. Using the same string used to close off the end; tie both up, down, and around the salami.
To cure it, place the Finocchino in a cool (65 F/18 C) draft-free place. It's vital that it not draw heat during the process. Ideally, lay it in hardwood ashes of an isolated part of the cellar, far from hot-water pipes. It will be ready in about 4 months.
Curing Meat Warning
Curing meat requires specific expertise and failure to cure meat properly may result in sickness or death. If you have no experience in this area, we advise you to consult an expert to teach you proper techniques and applications.
Great Resources on Curing Meat
Since curing meat requires such a specific skill set, otherwise, it can lead to illness or worse, we highly recommend consulting with an expert to teach you proper techniques. We found that the following four publications are super helpful guides and go in-depth about just such processes, procedures, and techniques:
- Charcuterie: The Art of Salting, Smoking, and Curing by Michael Ruhlman and Brian Polcyn
- Home Production of Quality Meats and Sausages by Stanley Marianski
- The River Cottage Smoking & Curing Handbook by Steven Lamb
- USDA’s Processing Procedures: Dried Meats