French Rouille Sauce Recipe

French Rouille Sauce Recipe

 The Spruce

  • Total: 16 mins
  • Prep: 15 mins
  • Cook: 1 mins
  • Servings: 4 to 6 servings
Nutritional Guidelines (per serving)
238 Calories
20g Fat
11g Carbs
4g Protein
See Full Nutritional Guidelines Hide Full Nutritional Guidelines
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4 to 6
Amount per serving
Calories 238
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 20g 26%
Saturated Fat 3g 16%
Cholesterol 69mg 23%
Sodium 110mg 5%
Total Carbohydrate 11g 4%
Dietary Fiber 1g 2%
Protein 4g
Calcium 61mg 5%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

French rouille sauce is a thick, bread-enriched sauce that gets much of its flavor and color from saffron. You can think of it like a fancier take on mayonnaise, and it works well paired with any fish dish or fish soup. Done right, rouille is a beautiful, spicy garlic sauce that goes well with cold steamed shrimp, any fried fish or seafood, or as a sauce with firm grilled seafood such as swordfish, sturgeon or Pacific white seabass.

Perhaps the most notable pairing for rouille is with bouillabaisse, a famous French dish. Bouillabaisse is the most famous Mediterranean fish stew, made in port towns throughout Provence. According to Roman mythology, Venus, the goddess of love, served bouillabaisse to her husband Vulcan, the god of fire, to make him fall asleep while she had an affair with Mars, the Roman god of war. The Greeks also stake a claim on the origins of bouillabaisse, dating it back to 600 B.C. and a fish soup called kakavia, which some Greek food writers say was the basis for the future bouillabaisse. Whatever its origins, bouillabaisse is the ideal dish to serve topped with French rouille sauce. Try this recipe to make authentic, delicious rouille in just minutes.


  • 1 tablespoon water
  • 1 tablespoon white wine vinegar
  • Pinch of saffron
  • 2 to 3 slices of white bread (with the crust removed)
  • 3 to 4 cloves of garlic (finely chopped)
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1/4 teaspoon chili powder
  • 1/2 cup olive oil
  • Salt (to taste)

Steps to Make It

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe ingredients
     The Spruce
  2. Heat the water, vinegar, and saffron in a microwave for 30 seconds. Mix well until you have a very yellow liquid.

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
    The Spruce 
  3. Cut the white bread into chunks and then pour the saffron mixture over them in a large bowl. Mix well and make sure you get all the saffron.

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
     The Spruce
  4. Put the bread mixture into a food processor and then add the garlic, egg yolks, and chili powder. Blend it for about 30 seconds. Scrape down the sides.

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
     The Spruce
  5. Blend again on low power, then drizzle in the olive oil slowly.

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
    The Spruce 
  6. Pour the sauce, which should be like thick mayonnaise, into a bowl and refrigerate. 

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
    The Spruce 
  7. Pair with fish and enjoy!

    French Rouille Sauce Recipe
     The Spruce

Raw Egg Warning

Consuming raw and lightly-cooked eggs poses a risk of food-borne illness.


  • This can be made a day before you need it, and it will hold up fairly well for three to four days covered in the refrigerator.
  • If the rouille is stiff before serving, you can thin it by adding a few drops of boiling water and stirring it into the mixture.

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