One of the times you need to use math in the bar is when you need to know how much liquor to stock. That requires knowing how many shots you can pour from the standard bottle. Whether you are stocking a bar or planning a party, the information in the following charts will help.
Liquor Shots per Bottle
How many cocktails you can make with one bottle of liquor will vary from drink to drink. There are a few things to consider.
The average cocktail uses:
- 1 1/2 ounces (the average shot) of a base liquor (i.e. vodka, gin, rum, etc.).
- Liqueurs are typically poured at 1/2 to 3/4 ounce.
- Accent juices (such as lemon and lime) usually use 1/4 to 1/2 ounce.
- Filling a highball or tall drink with juice or soda often requires 4 to 6 ounces.
With this information and the recipes you intend to serve, you can estimate how many bottles of each liquor you will need to create a certain number of drinks.
This first chart represents popular bottle sizes in both metric and U.S. measurements and the average number of standard shots each will produce. The most popular bottle sizes are the fifth and the liter (marked with an asterisk *) and are the sizes common for most distilled spirits.
|Standard Bottle||Milliliters||Ounces||Shots per Bottle**|
|Miniature (aka Mini or Nip)||50 ml||1.7 oz||1 shot|
|Quarter Pint||100 ml||3.4 oz||2 shots|
|Half Pint||200 ml||6.8 oz||4 shots|
|Pint||375 ml||12.7 oz||8 shots|
|*Standard Bottle (aka Fifth)||750 ml||25.4 oz||16 shots|
|*Liter||1 L||33.8 oz||22 shots|
|Magnum||1.5 L||50.7 oz||33 shots|
|Half Gallon (aka Handle)||1.75 L||59.2 oz||39 shots|
|Double Magnum (aka Jeroboam)||3 L||101.4 oz||67 shots|
|Rehoboam||4.5 L||152.2 oz||101 shots|
**Based on the average 1 1/2 ounce shot.
Estimating Mixer Yields
Mixers such as juices, syrups, and soda are not quite as easy to estimate because there are no standard bottle sizes. However, mixers are less expensive than liquor, so it's always a good idea to overstock rather than be unprepared.
The next chart includes the average pour of a mixer if it is included in a cocktail recipe.
Of course, not every drink is going to use each mixer and some use more than others, so this is just a general guide.
For instance, you may be mixing a cosmopolitan that requires 1/2 ounce of lime juice, but if you are also offering a whiskey sour, you will need a full 1 1/2 ounces of lemon juice. Likewise, tall drinks like a gin & tonic will require 4 or more ounces of soda to fill the glass while a booze-filled highball like the Long Island iced tea may need less than 1 ounce of cola for fill.
|Drink Style||Accent Juice||Syrup||Soda|
|Martinis, Sours, & Short Drinks||1/4 to 1/2 oz||1/4 to 1/2 oz||Splash|
|Highballs, Collins, & Tall Drinks||Splash to 1/2 oz||1/4 to 1/2 oz||4 to 6 oz|
The average soda bottle or can is 12 ounces, so estimate two to three drinks per container. Two-liter bottles are a cost-effective option for the more popular sodas and there are about 67 ounces per 2 liters.
Other mixers like bitters are easy and one bottle of each required style will be more than enough.
Fresh Citrus Fruit Juice
If you are you going to use fresh citrus juice, the following chart will help you decide how many lemons, limes, and oranges you will need.
|1 Average Fruit||Average Juice Yield|
|Lime||1/2 to 1 oz|
|Lemon||1 1/2 oz|
|Orange||2 to 3 oz|
|Grapefruit||5 to 6 oz|