How to Make Guacamole

Homemade guac is easier than you think

  • 01 of 11

    Gather the Ingredients

    Guacamole ingredients
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    Guacamole is a simple recipe to make and perfect for entertaining. Start by gathering your ingredients.  You need 3 avocados, cilantro, onions, limes, jalapenos, garlic, and salt. 

    A note about avocados: Sometimes you're lucky enough to find them ripe at the store. A ripe avocado will give to slight pressure and it shouldn't feel mushy or very soft. The skin will be firm and the fruit should feel heavy for its size. If you need to ripen your avocados, place them together in a paper bag on the countertop and leave them for a day or two.

  • 02 of 11

    Squeeze the Lime

    Juicing a lime
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    Lime juice is essential for guacamole! It prevents the avocados from turning brown and it provides a nice fresh flavor. The juice from one lime should be enough, but use two if the limes are small. 

  • 03 of 11

    Combine the Juice and Seasonings

    Red onion and cilantro
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    It's difficult to get the salt evenly blended with the avocados, so here's a good trick: Combine the lime juice with 1 teaspoon of salt, 1 tablespoon chopped cilantro, 2 cloves minced garlic, 1 diced jalapeno (optional), and 1/4 cup diced onions, and stir briefly. The salt will dissolve in the lime juice and will evenly flavor the dip. You can add some hot sauce at this point if you'd like.

  • 04 of 11

    Cut the Avocado

    Slicing an avocado
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    Hold the avocado firmly in your hand and, using a sharp knife, carefully cut through the skin and flesh all the way to the pit. Rotate the avocado in your hand, using the knife to cut it in half. Be sure to cut the avocado in half from top to bottom, or from the stem back to the stem, not through the middle, or the pit will be too difficult to remove.

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  • 05 of 11

    Twist the Avocado to Open

    Twisting an avocado
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    Grasp one half of the avocado in each hand. Hold firmly, but gently and twist the two halves in opposite directions. They should pull apart easily, leaving the pit in one of the halves.

  • 06 of 11

    Remove the Flesh (Method One)

    Peeling an avocado
    The Spruce / Leah Maroney

    There are two ways to remove the flesh from the skin and pit. For the first, cut each half of the avocado in half again, then carefully peel the skin away from the flesh. Drop the avocado into the lime mixture as you work. The half that has the pit must be cut in half again from the skin side. The pit should easily slip away from the flesh once the avocado is in fourths.

  • 07 of 11

    Remove the Flesh (Method Two)

    Leah Maroney

    Or you can remove the flesh this way: First, hold the avocado half with the pit firmly in your non dominant hand. With your dominant hand, strike the blade of the knife firmly against the pit. It should stick in the pit. Twist the knife and the pit will slip away from the flesh.

  • 08 of 11

    Scoop Out the Flesh

    Scooping out the avocado
    Leah Maroney / The Spruce

    Take the avocado half in your non-dominant hand. Using a large spoon, carefully scoop between the flesh and skin, loosening the fruit from the skin. You should be able to get the avocado out in one piece, but if it breaks, that's okay. Just keep going until all the flesh is removed from the skin. Remember to put it in with the lime juice as you work to prevent browning.

    Continue to 9 of 11 below.
  • 09 of 11

    Mash the Avocado

    Mashing the avocado
    Leah Maroney / The Spruce

    Use a molcajete if you have one available, or a large bowl and a potato masher or fork, to completely mash the avocado. You can leave it as chunky as you want.

  • 10 of 11

    Add the Lime Juice Mixture

    Adding the lime juice
    Leah Maroney / The Spruce

    Stir the lime juice mixture into the mashed avocado and add the tomatoes if you like. Just make sure to cut the tomatoes into small cubes before adding.

  • 11 of 11

    Serve and Enjoy

    Leah Maroney / The Spruce

    Taste the guacamole first to make sure it's seasoned as you'd like, you might need to add more salt. You can add other ingredients at this point. This guacamole is simple, but you can add in more jalapenos or other spices, like cumin if you wish.

    Serve with chips and go to town!