What Is Country-Cured Ham?

Buying, Cooking, and Recipes

Baked Ham

The Spruce / Peggy Trowbridge Filippone

Country-cured ham is a preserved meat made by smoking and aging a leg of pork. Traditional in the South, this ham is usually served at breakfast with biscuits. Sold ready-to-cook, they can be incorporated in an appealing array of appetizing recipes. All country hams are cured, but not all are smoked.

What is Country-Cured Ham?

With a unique salty flavor, country-cured ham is an aged porcine product made nowadays with safe and updated techniques inherited from the American colonists, who back then needed well-preserved foods that could stand the change in seasonal temperatures and the lack of proper refrigeration. Artisanally made in the South, the legs are first cured with a mixture of salt, sodium nitrate (or nitrite) to protect against botulinum bacteria , and sometimes sugar and other spices. Then most are hardwood smoked.

How is Country-Cured Ham Made?

Once covered with the salt, sugar, and spice mixture, the legs are left to age for a month, or to up to three years, then soaked to wash off the brine, and finally smoked with hardwood such as hickory, apple, oak, or cherry. Some legs are simply left to age without going into the smoker, and most have a thick layer of mold that needs to be washed off before cooking and eating.

How to Cook Country-Cured Ham

Country-cured hams are usually sold vacuum-packaged and pre-soaked, while others are sold as-is in the nets in which they were cured. In either case, the hams are still quite salty and you absolutely need to wash and soak them for one to two days, keeping them cold and changing the water every 12 hours. Finally, boil the ham for 20 to 25 minutes in clean water. Country hams develop an unattractive layer of mold during the long curing and drying process due to the high salt content and low temperatures. This is normal and an indication of proper aging, much like fine cheeses. However, the mold resulting from the aging must be removed before the meat is cooked. It is not safe to consume the mold itself, but the ham is perfectly fine to eat.

In short, the ham is "cooked" by the aging and curing process, so you could eat it after soaking and cleaning, but most people, and most recipes, call for frying, baking, sauteeing, grilling, or pan-frying it. No matter your recipe, be sure that the ham reaches an inner temperature of 160F.

What Does Country-Cured Ham Taste Like?

Smoky, dry, and particularly salty, country-cured ham has a punch. Its intense flavor comes from a slow aging process and it's easy to tell the difference between commercially manufactured cuts and this delicious old-style treat. The meat isn't plump, because it's aged, and has a bite to it.

Country Ham vs. City Ham

City hams are wet-cured and already cooked, whereas country hams are dry-cured, sometimes smoked, and are sold ready-to-cook.

Varieties

What differentiates the different types of country hams is the mixture of seasoning that's used to age the legs, the aging time, and if they're later smoked or not. Also which type of wood is used in the smoker gives the ham a particular flavor, so even though all country hams are made under similar conditions, what's used in the aging and smoking processes affects the final flavor. Some producers use more sugar in the rub, obtaining a milder and sweeter flavor, while others use salt and large amounts of black pepper.

Country-Cured Ham Recipes

Biscuits, gravy, sauces, soups, stews, and hot and cold pasta dishes are just a few of the preparations you can make with country-cured ham. Regardless of your choice, always salt the food at the end, as the ham itself can be very salty even after soaking and cooking. Bake it and serve it with potatoes and vegetables, cube it for split pea soup, pan-fry some slices and serve it with gravy, or make a ham steak with brown sugar.

If you're attempting to make your own cured ham, and since curing meat requires such a specific process, we recommend consulting with an expert before rolling up your sleeves.

Where to Buy Country-Cured Ham

Meat markets, upscale supermarkets, gourmet stores, and some online retailers carry great quality country-cured ham. Check the label because not all hams that are sold in nets, or vacuumed sealed and ready-to-cook, are country-cured hams.

Storing Country-Cured Ham

Cured ham is technically one which has not been cooked yet. It will keep in the fridge for five to seven days or until the “use-by” date listed. If not cooked by that time, you can freeze it for about 3 to 4 months.

After it's cooked, cured ham will keep in the refrigerator for roughly 3 to 5 days or frozen for up to 2 months. Country ham that has already been cooked, cut, and sliced thin will keep for around a month in the refrigerator; following this time, it can be frozen up to another month.

Nutrition and Benefits of Country-Cured Ham

There's a lot of everything in a 2-ounce serving of country-cured ham: protein, fat, cholesterol, and sodium, and not a significant amount of vitamins or essential minerals. Consume in moderation if you have cholesterol or high blood pressure issues.

Article Sources
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