Make Your Own Italian Bread

Traditional Italian bread

The Spruce 

  • Total: 85 mins
  • Prep: 60 mins
  • Cook: 25 mins
  • Yield: 2 Loaves (24 servings)
Nutritional Guidelines (per serving)
13 Calories
0g Fat
2g Carbs
0g Protein
See Full Nutritional Guidelines Hide Full Nutritional Guidelines
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 2 Loaves (24 servings)
Amount per serving
Calories 13
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0g 0%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 19mg 1%
Total Carbohydrate 2g 1%
Dietary Fiber 0g 1%
Protein 0g
Calcium 4mg 0%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

Traditional Italian bread is a food that everyone can agree on. It is moist, has a thin, crisp crust, and it works with any meal. It also just happens to be very easy to make at home. If you haven't tried baking fresh Italian bread yet, this simple recipe will get you started.

This really is one of the most versatile breads that you can bake. It can be served with lunch or dinner alongside pasta, soups, or any other main dish. You can make delicious hoagies with it or turn it into pizza bread.

At breakfast, Italian bread is perfect for scooping up the egg yellow on your plate. When sliced thin, it can also be used to make delicious little French toasts.

There's no need to hoard this bread, either. The recipe will make two nice-sized loaves so you'll have plenty of bread to go around and it will last for many meals.


  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 2 teaspoon salt
  • 2 (1/4-ounce) packages of active dry yeast (or 1 tablespoon)
  • 1 3/4 cups warm water (95 to 110 F)
  • 1 tablespoon butter (or margarine, softened)
  • 5 cups bread flour (or high-gluten flour; approximately)
  • Optional: cornmeal (for sprinkling on the baking sheet)
  • 1 egg white
  • 1 tablespoon water (cold)

Steps to Make It

Mixing the Bread Dough

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for dough
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  2. In a large bowl, stir together the sugar, salt, yeast, and warm water.

    Stir together salt and yeast
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  3. Stir in the soft butter.

    Stir in butter
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  4. Mix in enough flour to make a soft dough that can be kneaded by hand.

    Mix in flour
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  5. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead for 8 minutes, adding more flour if necessary, until the dough is soft and not sticky.

    Turn the dough on a lightly floured surface
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  6. Place the dough in a greased medium-sized bowl and flip dough over so that the top is also lightly greased.

    Place dough in bowl
    The Spruce
  7. Cover with a clean kitchen towel and let it set and rise for 30 minutes in a warm, draft-free place.

Preparing the Loaf

  1. Grease a large baking sheet and sprinkle it with coarse cornmeal, if desired.

    Grease a baking sheet
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  2. Remove the dough from the bowl and place onto a lightly floured table and divide into 2 equal parts.

    Divide dough into two parts
    The Spruce
  3. Roll each dough half into a 15 x 9-inch rectangle.

    Two rectangles of dough
    The Spruce
  4. Tightly roll the dough along the 15-inch side and pinch the seams and taper the ends of each loaf.

    Tightly roll dough
    The Spruce
  5. Place the loaves on the prepared baking sheet and cover; let rise in warm, draft-free place for only 20 minutes.

Baking the Bread

  1. Preheat the oven to 425 F.

  2. Make 3 deep diagonal slashes on each loaf.

    Score the bread
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  3. Bake the bread for 20 minutes.

  4. Lightly beat the egg white and cold water in a small bowl to create an egg wash.

    Lightly beat eggs
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  5. Remove the loaves from the oven and brush with the egg wash.

    Remove loaves from oven
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  6. Return to the loaves to the oven for another 5 minutes.

    Baked loaves
    The Spruce 
  7. Serve the finished bread warm or cold.


  • The key to that signature crust on Italian bread is the egg wash. This is done before the last few minutes of baking and is an important step you won't want to miss. Don't hesitate to taste your bread as soon as it comes out of the oven, that's one of the best parts of fresh-baked bread.

What Defines 'Italian' Bread?

You may know what it is, but what characteristics can we expect in an Italian bread? 

  • A thin, crisp crust that is golden brown.

  • The inside is moist and thick. It's also very absorbent, perfect for soaking up soup, sauces, and oils.

  • Italian bread loaves tend to be an elongated oval shape, not too thin and not too thick. 

  • Unlike French bread which tends to be sweet, Italian breads often have a savory taste that adds to their versatility.

  • Italian bread dough is typically wetter than other doughs because it uses more water or milk and butter or olive oil.

  • We also see sugar in many Italian bread recipes and this is surprising because it contradicts the final savory flavor.

  • Traditionally, Italian bread is often baked on a stone to give it that signature crust and a wood oven gives some styles a smoky flavor.