The lychee fruit (also known as "litchi") originated in Asia and is considered prized native produce in China. At first glance, lychee looks like a strawberry with alligator skin—the fruit is red, but the exterior is rough and tough (hence the name "alligator strawberries"). In order to get to the yummy goodness inside this tropical fruit, you must first peel off the rough exterior. Once peeled, lychee resembles the inside of a grape, but its sweet, delicious flavor is more like a cross between a strawberry and a watermelon.
Harvesting and Selecting Lychee
Lychee grows in places with warm climates, like Florida and Hawaii, and can be harvested in June or July, stateside. If you're lucky enough to live where this tropical fruit grows, choosing the right time to harvest can be tricky, as the fruit ceases to ripen once picked. Select brightly colored fruit, with a deep red hue and no blemishes. The skin of a ripe lychee should be pliable, even though it's texture is naturally tough and leathery. Pick one and sample its taste. If the lychee tastes sour, it's not ripe. And fruit that is cracked, leaking, or smells fermented may be past its prime.
You can also seek out fresh lychee at your local specialty store and use the same principles for selecting ripe fruit as you would for harvesting them. Buy lychee that is bright in color with pliable exteriors, and free from bruises or cracks.
Peeling and Prepping Lychee
Peeling lychee is the only way to get to the edible flesh. Much like a pomegranate, the goods lie just beneath a leathery outer skin and thin inner membrane. As the ripened fruit ages, the skin and membrane lose water, become tough, and fuse together. Most lychees that you buy in the store (and pomegranates for that matter) have already cured to the point of fusion. Once you purchase them, peel and eat them immediately.
To peel fresh-off-the-tree lychee, simply tear off one end of the protective skin with your fingers, and then pinch the opposite side to release the fruit into your mouth or into a bowl. Alternatively, use your fingernail to dig into the stem side and peel the skin off the lychee. If you're peeling a large quantity for a recipe, use a serrated knife to score the skin lengthwise. Then, peel away both the skin and the inner membrane to expose the luscious fruit that surrounds a large seed. To loosen the seed, cut lengthwise around the flesh (similar to cutting an avocado).
If the fruit is properly ripened, the flesh should easily pull away from the seed.
Lychee Storage and Usage
Fresh lychee, with the skin still intact, should be wrapped in a paper towel, placed in a perforated plastic bag, and stored in the refrigerator until use. They ferment as they age, so use them quickly and do not let them sit in the fridge for more than one week. You can also freeze lychee by placing the fruit, skin on, into a Ziploc bag. To go this route, place lychee in a gallon-sized bag, partially seal it, and then suck the remaining air out of the bag before zipping it completely. The less air in the bag, the fresher the lychee will taste once thawed. You can also purchase canned lychee and dried lychee, or "litchi nuts," at specialty grocers.
Fresh lychee makes a great addition to any fruit salad. You can also macerate them and use them as a featured fruit in a tropical jam. Additionally, fresh lychee can be incorporated into many simple and exotic desserts and sauces. The dried form of the fruit, which looks and tastes much like a raisin, can be eaten straight out of your hand as a snack or incorporated into homemade granola or oatmeal.
|•||Uncommon Fruits & Vegetables|
|•||The Great Exotic Fruit Book|