|Nutrition Facts (per serving)|
|Amount per serving|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 12g||15%|
|Saturated Fat 7g||36%|
|Total Carbohydrate 24g||9%|
|Dietary Fiber 1g||3%|
|Total Sugars 0g|
|Vitamin C 0mg||0%|
|*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.|
Shortcrust pastry dough is a simple recipe used for pies, tarts, and quiche. It calls for just four ingredients—flour, fat, salt, and water—and the ratio of flour to fat is usually 4-to-1. Shortcrust pastry is easy to make and can be prepared either by hand or with a food processor. It's one of the most versatile pastries because it can be used for both savory and sweet dishes.
This recipe makes enough for the top and bottom crust of a seven-inch pie. If you are not sure how much pastry you need, check the pastry calculator.
Watch Now: Perfect Shortcrust Recipe
"This is a simple, easy recipe for pie crust that turns out flaky, tender and delicious. I made it with all butter and the flavor was rich but not at all greasy. The machine method is very fast, but it only took me five minutes to work in the butter by hand, making both methods quite speedy." —Danielle Centoni
2 cups all-purpose flour
8 tablespoons (4-ounces) cold unsalted butter, cubed (or an equal mix of butter and lard)
4 to 6 tablespoons ice water
Steps to Make It
Gather the ingredients.
Place the flour, salt, and butter in a large, clean bowl.
Rub the butter into the flour with your fingertips until the mixture resembles fine breadcrumbs, working as quickly as possible to prevent the dough from becoming warm.
Add 4 tablespoons of water to the mixture. Using a cold knife, stir until the dough binds together. Add more cold water a teaspoon at a time if the mixture is too dry. Form the dough into a ball.
Flatten the ball into a disk, wrap in plastic wrap, and chill for a minimum of 1 hour up to overnight. Use the shortcrust dough in your favorite pie, tart, or quiche recipe.
Food Processor Method
Place the flour, salt, and butter into the bowl of the processor.
Using only the pulse setting, pulse until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs. Avoid overmixing. Too much handling can result in hard, dry pastry.
Through the funnel on the top of the processor, slowly add 4 tablespoons of the water a little at a time while pulsing until the mixture begins to clump together. Stop the machine and squeeze the dough. If it holds together, it doesn't need more water.
Flatten the ball into a disk, wrap in plastic wrap, and chill for a minimum of 1 hour or up to overnight.
By following a few tips, you can ensure success when making shortcrust pastry.
- Gather together all your equipment and ingredients, and weigh all of the ingredients before you begin.
- The golden rule of making shortcrust pastry is to keep the ingredients, equipment, and your hands as cool as possible. When the pastry mixture becomes too warm, the end result is a greasy and/or heavy, dull finished pastry crust.
- Work quickly as it makes a lighter pastry.
- Don't skip resting the dough; resting allows time for the gluten (proteins) in the dough to relax.
- Always put the pastry into a preheated, hot oven. If the oven is too cool, the pastry will melt rather than cook.
- To ensure your tart or pie crust is crisp, place a heavy baking sheet in the oven while it is heating up, then place the tart or pie directly on the heated tray.
What's the difference between shortcrust pastry and pie crust?
Shortcrust pastry dough is a type of pie crust. Known as pâte brisée in French, it doesn't include leavening agents and (usually) no sugar. It's flaky and crispy rather than puffy once baked. The most often used type of pastry, it's good for both sweet and savory recipes.
- Pâte sucrée is a sweet (or rich) shortcrust pastry that adds sugar and egg to the mix, creating more of a cookie-like texture in the finished pie.
- The third kind of pastry is pâte sablée (sandy pastry). This version adds more butter and sugar, resulting in a very crumbly crust.
Does shortcrust pastry need to be baked before filling?
Whether or not you need to prebake shortcrust before adding the filling depends on the recipe. Known as "blind baking," partially baking the crust prevents soggy fruit pie crust and is used when the crust takes longer to bake than the filling. For pies in which the filling is not baked (e.g., cream pies), the crust must be baked first.