Polish Christmas Eve Beet Soup (Barszcz Wigilijny) Recipe

Beetroot Soup
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  • Total: 90 mins
  • Prep: 30 mins
  • Cook: 60 mins
  • Ferment: 72 hrs
  • Yield: 6 Bowls (6 Servings)
Nutritional Guidelines (per serving)
213 Calories
2g Fat
45g Carbs
7g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 6 Bowls (6 Servings)
Amount per serving
Calories 213
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 2g 3%
Saturated Fat 1g 5%
Cholesterol 3mg 1%
Sodium 331mg 14%
Total Carbohydrate 45g 16%
Dietary Fiber 12g 42%
Protein 7g
Calcium 77mg 6%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

This recipe for Polish Christmas Eve beet soup (barszcz wigilijny) is from chef Marek (Mark) Widomski, founder and director of the Culinary Institute in Crakow, Poland.

While many beet soup recipes call for beef stock, meat or bones, since this is a Polish Christmas Eve supper (wigilia) recipe, it must be meatless.

The soup is made with a beet sour (kwas) that must ferment for at least three days before using and vegetable stock. The traditional way to eat barszcz wigilijny is with mushroom uszka or paszteciki.

At the Culinary Institute in Crakow, Chef Mark and his staff offer classes in everything from peasant food to gourmet cuisine, tailoring them to the individual's needs, in Polish, English and other languages.


  • For the Beet Sour (kwas):
  • 3 1/2 pounds beets (peeled, rinsed and sliced)
  • 1 slice rye bread (with crust)
  • For the Beet Soup:
  • 1 pound beets (peeled, rinsed and sliced)
  • 1/2 pound vegetables (Polish soup vegetables: carrot, parsnip, celery root, leek, peeled, rinsed and sliced)
  • 2 teaspoons butter
  • 1 clove garlic (mashed with a little salt)
  • 2 cups beet sour
  • 1 dried mushroom (soak and reserve 1/4 cup strained liquid)
  • Salt and black pepper (to taste)
  • 1 teaspoon sugar (or to taste)
  • 1 tablespoon parsley (finely chopped)

Steps to Make It

To Make the Beet Sour (Kwas)

  1. Place 3 1/2 pounds prepared beets in a large crock or ceramic bowl.

  2. Cover with pre-boiled, lukewarm water. Add 1 slice rye bread with the crust, pushing it under the water.

  3. Cover the crock or bowl with cheesecloth and let stand at room temperature for three days.

  4. Then strain through cheesecloth, pour into a glass jar and seal it. Store in the fridge. You may eat the strained beets or discard them.

To Make the Beet Soup

  1. Place 1 pound peeled and sliced beets, 1/2 pound sliced Polish soup vegetables (włoszczna) like carrot, parsnip, celery root, and leek, in a large stockpot.

  2. Add 6 cups cold water and 1 teaspoon butter. Bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer until vegetables are tender.

  3. Strain, pressing on vegetables to extract every last ounce of goodness.

  4. Return the strained liquid to the pot and add 1 clove garlic mashed with a little salt, 2 cups of the beet sour (kwas), 1/4 cup strained mushroom soaking liquid, salt and pepper, and sugar to taste.

  5. Bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer 30 minutes.

  6. Before serving, stir in remaining 1 teaspoon butter and 1 tablespoon chopped parsley.

  7. Ladle into hot bowls and serve with mushroom uszka.