Easy to Make Traditional French Ratatouille Recipe


The Spruce


Ratings (85)
  • Total: 95 mins
  • Prep: 20 mins
  • Cook: 75 mins
  • Yield: Serves 12
Nutritional Guidelines (per serving)
129 Calories
3g Fat
24g Carbs
5g Protein
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

Ratatouille is a traditional vegetable stew which originated as a poor man’s dish in Nice. That may well have been its humble origins, but the stew has gone on to be known and loved, around the world and can hardly be considered as food for the poor today, though it is still a relatively cheap food if the vegetables are bought in season.

It is imperative when making this dish to ensure you stick to its roots in the south of France where peppers, tomatoes and garlic all grow in abundance. Also, use only good quality olive oil (if you can get French extra virgin oil from Provence, even better though not imperative) as this contributes to the overall flavour of the dish. The danger with cheap oils, especially those not from France, is they can taint the taste and the dish will also lack authenticity. 

This version lightly caramelizes the onions and peppers before adding them to the rest of the dish, giving it a fantastic complex flavor without much additional effort. Finally, one of the secrets to making a perfect Ratatouille is, do not stir too much or overcook so all the vegetables merge. 

Cooks note: Use any color bell peppers you prefer, from brown to green, and anything in between.


  • 1 pound eggplant (cut into cubes)
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons salt (divided)
  • 2 1/2 pounds tomatoes (peeled)
  • 3 cloves garlic (crushed and chopped)
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 1/4 cup fresh basil (loosely packed, chopped)
  • 3/4 cup flat-leaf parsley (loosely packed, chopped)
  • 1 1/2 pounds onions (white, thinly sliced)
  • 3 bell peppers (red or yellow, cored, seeded, and chopped)
  • 2 pounds zucchini (cut lengthwise and then into 1/2-inch slices)
  • 2 pounds yellow squash ( cut lengthwise and then into 1/2-inch slices)
  • 1/3 cup white wine (dry)
  • 1 to 2 tablespoon olive oil (good quality extra virgin, plus additional for serving)

Steps to Make It

  1. Place a single layer of paper towels on 2 large plates. Place the cubed eggplant onto the plates and sprinkle with 1 3/4 teaspoon salt. Allow the eggplant to sit for 20 minutes.; this is known as degorgement, which means the salt disgorges any liquid in the eggplant which is absorbed by the paper and makes the dish less soggy. 

  2. In a large saucepan, gently cook the tomatoes, garlic, black pepper, basil, and parsley, uncovered, over medium heat. Do not boil the vegetables as this will turn them into a soggy mess, the vegetables cooked slowly will keep each of them distinct, 

  3. In a large skillet, sauté the onions and bell peppers in a small amount of olive oil over medium-high heat for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the vegetables are lightly browned. Remove the skillet from the heat and transfer the browned vegetables to the tomato mixture.

  4. Pat the eggplant dry with a fresh paper towel and add it, along with the zucchini to the tomato mixture.

  5. Cover the pot and cook the stew over low-medium heat for 45 minutes, until the vegetables are tender. Add the white wine and 3/4 teaspoon salt and cook for an additional 5 minutes.