Seafood Bastilla With Shrimp, Calamari and Fish

Moroccan Seafood Bastilla
Timmey O'Toole/Flickr - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Prep: 90 mins
Cook: 45 mins
Total: 2 hrs 15 mins
Servings: 6 servings

Swordfish, shrimp, and calamari are mixed with Chinese vermicelli, black mushrooms, and a spicy tomato sauce. The filling is enclosed in paper-thin warqa or phyllo dough and then baked.

The measures below are for raw seafood prior to cleaning. Prep time does not include shelling or deveining shrimp or cleaning calamari. Save time by having your fishmonger do some of this for you.

Seafood Bastilla can be assembled and frozen until baking time. Shape the bastilla into a single large pie as shown here or make small, individual-sized pies for easier serving.


  • For the Seafood:
  • 1 kilogram/2 pounds fresh medium shrimp (shelled, cleaned and tails removed)
  • 1/2 kilogram/1 pound fresh calamari, cleaned and cut into 1/4" rings (tentacles chopped)
  • 1/2 kilogram/1 pound fresh swordfish (or another firm, low-fat fish)
  • 3 tablespoons butter (divided)
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt and pepper
  • For the Tomato Sauce:
  • 2 large ripe tomatoes (seeded and grated)
  • 2 large cloves garlic (pressed or finely chopped)
  • 1 large handful fresh parsley (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon pepper
  • For the Vermicelli Filling:
  • 1 handful dry black mushrooms
  • 175 grams/6 ounces dry Chinese vermicelli
  • 1 tablespoon hot sauce (or to taste)
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • Tomato sauce
  • Reserved liquids from cooking the seafood
  • For the Assembly:
  • 1/2 kilogram/1 pound warqa or phyllo dough
  • 1/2 cup butter (melted)
  • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
  • 1 egg yolk (beaten)
  • 1 cup grated cheese (Edam, Mild Cheddar, Gouda, etc.)
  • For the Garnish:
  • 1/4 to 1/2 cup grated cheese (optional)
  • Cooked shrimp (optional)
  • Lemon slices (optional)
  • Parsley (optional)

Steps to Make It

Make the Tomato Sauce

  1. In a small pot or pan, mix the grated tomatoes, garlic, salt, pepper and vegetable oil.

  2. Simmer over medium-low heat, uncovered, for 15 to 20 minutes, stirring occasionally.

  3. Add the parsley, remove from the heat, and set aside.

Cook the Shrimp

  1. Melt 1 tablespoon butter in a large non-stick skillet.

  2. Add the shrimp and 1/2 teaspoon each of salt and pepper.

  3. Sauté over medium-high for one or two minutes, until the shrimp turns white but the center is still slightly clear.

  4. Drain the shrimp, reserving the liquid, and set aside. If desired, you can reserve some of the shrimp for garnishing the baked bastilla at serving time.

Cook the Swordfish

  1. Melt 1 tablespoon butter in the skillet.

  2. Add the swordfish and 1/2 teaspoon each of salt and pepper.

  3. Cook over medium heat, turning several times, until the fish flakes easily.

  4. Transfer the fish to a plate and reserve the liquid.

  5. Pick the fish off the bones, breaking it into bite-size pieces, and set aside.

Cook the Calamari

  1. Melt 1 tablespoon butter in the skillet.

  2. Add the calamari and 1/2 teaspoon each of salt and pepper.

  3. Cover and simmer one hour over medium-low heat, or until very tender.

  4. Drain the calamari, reserving the liquid, and set aside.

Prepare the Mushrooms

  1. Soak the dry mushrooms in water for 30 minutes.

  2. Drain, chop the mushrooms coarsely and set aside.

Cook the Chinese Vermicelli

  1. Soak the vermicelli in water for 15 to 20 minutes.

  2. Drain and chop into pieces about 2” to 3” long.

  3. Place the vermicelli in a pot with the reserved liquids from the seafood.

  4. Stir in the soy sauce, hot sauce and the tomato sauce.

  5. Cook uncovered over medium-low heat, stirring occasionally until the vermicelli is tender and the liquids are mostly absorbed about 10 minutes.

  6. Remove from the heat.

Combine the Filling

  1. Place the cooked shrimp, calamari, fish, mushrooms, and vermicelli into a very large bowl and mix well.

  2. Taste the filling—it should be a bit salty and spicy.

  3. If desired, adjust the seasoning with additional soy sauce and hot sauce.

Assemble the Bastilla

The bastilla will be assembled in this order:

  • Bottom layer of warqa or phyllo
  • Seafood filling
  • Grated cheese
  • Top layer of warqa or phyllo

Keep your warqa or phyllo covered with plastic wrap while working, and brush each piece of dough with butter as you work with it.

It's easiest to assemble bastilla if you work inside a 14” or larger round pan, but you can work on a flat surface if necessary.

  1. Brush melted butter, then vegetable oil, on the bottom of your pan or your work surface.

  2. Overlap single layers of warqa (shiny side down) or double layers of phyllo, to cover the bottom of the pan.

  3. Allow several inches of excess dough to drape over the sides of the pan.

  4. Remember to brush butter on each piece of dough.

  5. Add a 12” circle of warqa (shiny side down) or two 12” circles of phyllo. This serves as the base of your pie. Butter the dough.

  6. Distribute the filling over the base, lightly pressing and molding to maintain the circular shape. Dribble 2 tablespoons of the melted butter over the filling, and top with the grated cheese.

  7. Fold the loose edges of the dough up around the filling to fully enclose the pie.

  8. Try to maintain a circular shape, and trim off any excess dough that can’t be folded neatly.

  9. Brush the tops and sides of the pie with butter.

  10. Top the pie with two or three overlapping layers of warqa (shiny side up), or four or five overlapping layers of phyllo, to form a smooth top. Remember to butter each piece of dough. 

  11. Fold the edges of the dough snugly down around the edge of the pie, tucking the excess under the pie and gently molding a rounded edge.

  12. Brush the entire top and sides of the bastilla first with butter, then with the beaten egg yolk.

Recipe Tip

  • If you want to shape individual pies, use one or two small buttered rounds of warqa pastry, shiny side down, Place some grated cheese on the pastry, add a generous dollop of filling, then fold the edges over the filling as neatly as possible, trimming the excess dough after you shape and enclose the pie. Turn the pie over and bake with the smooth side on top.

The bastilla is now ready for baking. The unbaked bastilla may be wrapped in plastic and refrigerated (one day) or frozen (up to two months).

Bake and Serve

  1. Preheat oven to 350 F/180 C.

  2. Place the bastilla on a buttered baking sheet—a pan with no sides allows for easy transfer to a serving plate—and bake until crisp and golden brown, about 30 to 45 minutes. A bastilla taken from the freezer may take longer.

  3. If desired, garnish the bastilla by sprinkling grated cheese on it and returning the pie to the oven to allow the cheese to melt and brown slightly.

  4. Transfer the bastilla to a large platter for serving. If desired, you can further garnish the bastilla with a few cooked shrimp, twisted lemon slices and a little fresh parsley. 

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