Many cultures and countries have particular "lucky" foods, and the Southern United States is no exception. Greens, pork, and cornbread, as well as black-eyed peas, cowpeas, or beans, are some of the typical symbolic foods served on New Year's Day. When planning your dinner menu, add the Southern foods that some say bring good luck and avoid those that may do just the opposite in the new year.
What to Eat on New Year's Day
According to popular folklore, if these foods are eaten on New Year's Day, you're guaranteed good luck throughout the year:
- Peas and beans symbolize coins or wealth. Choose traditional black-eyed peas, lentils, or beans to make a dish seasoned with pork, ham, or sausage.
- Greens resemble money, specifically folding money. Make dishes using green, leafy vegetables to ensure good fortune for the coming year. Southern favorites include boiled cabbage or sauerkraut, collard greens, kale, chard, mustard greens, and turnip greens.
- Pork is considered a sign of prosperity in some cultures because pigs root forward. This is probably the reason many Southern New Year's Day dishes contain pork or ham.
- Cornbread might symbolize gold because corn kernels represent coins. Yet, cornbread is also essential with black-eyed peas and greens, so you can triple your luck with these natural complements.
- In other cultures, fish, grapes, and ring-shaped cakes or doughnuts symbolize luck. Cakes with special treats inside do as well, so something like a surprise loaf cake is perfect.
What Not to Eat on New Year's Day
As much as you might want to go all out with a seafood dinner on this holiday, it may not be the best idea. Some believe that lobster could cause bad luck because it moves in a backward direction, which could mean setbacks in the year ahead. For the same reason, eating chicken could be bad luck. The birds scratch backward, plus they're winged so your luck could fly away.
New Year's Day Menu Suggestions
This is the perfect New Year's Day dinner menu. It includes skillet cornbread, easily seasoned mustard greens, spicy black-eyed peas (Hoppin' John), hot cooked rice, and a fabulous peach upside-down cake.
- Spicy Southern Black-Eyed Peas: Salt pork, hog jowl, or ham hocks flavor this tasty dish of black-eyed peas.
Watch Now: The Perfect Spicy Southern Black-Eyed Peas Recipe
- Slow Cooker Black-Eyed Peas and Collard Greens: This slow cooker dish combines the peas and greens with bacon and a tasty broth mixture.
- Crock Pot Red Beans and Rice With Andouille Sausage: While black-eyed peas are traditional in the South, beans and lentils are eaten on New Year's day in other cultures. This classic Southern dish bridges the gap in a delicious and easy way.
- Mustard Greens With Ham: Ham seasons mustard greens perfectly. Serve them with pepper sauce or homemade pepper vinegar.
- Southern Turnip Greens With Ham Shanks: Ham shanks or diced ham season turnip greens to create a tasty dish that will start the year off right.