In Spain, pork, beef, and chicken are often marinated in an adobo, a combination of spices and vinegar. Usually, the adobo combines dry spices along with vinegar or wine and olive oil. Before refrigeration, marinades were very common, since marinating with spices masks any unpleasant flavors, tenderizes, and preserves the meat.
There are many versions of adobo. The Spanish commonly use some dry spices along with Spanish sweet and/or spicy paprika, fresh garlic, vinegar, and olive oil. Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America also have versions of adobos, based on their regional spice and flavor preferences. Having been under Spanish rule for nearly 3 centuries, Philippine cuisine also includes adobado meat and poultry dishes. (After it is marinated in an adobo, the meat is then called adobado.)
Tips for Cooking With Adobo
When using an adobo, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First, it is important to wait to add salt until just before cooking the meat since it will draw out the juices. You also want to use a glass or ceramic bowl or dish to avoid a reaction between the adobo and the container. Plastic containers can be used, but are not recommended because the plastic will absorb the color and flavors of the spices. And be sure to refrigerate the meat or fish while marinating to avoid spoilage and discard any leftover adobo in which raw meat was marinated.
The adobo recipes differ depending on what you are marinating, whether it be pork and red meat, chicken, or game birds. Remember, use the quantities given for spices as a guide and feel free to adjust them to your taste.
Adobo for Pork and Red Meats
This marinade makes enough for approximately 2 pounds/1 kilogram of pork or beef.
- Mix paprika, oregano, and garlic together in a glass bowl or container.
- Stir in oil, vinegar, and water, if using.
- Place meat in a container and rub adobo onto all sides of the meat using your hands.
- Cover tightly and refrigerate for a minimum of 2 hours and a maximum of 24 hours, turning meat occasionally to coat all sides.
Adobo for Chicken
This adobo is good for roasted or grilled chicken and makes enough for 1 whole chicken.
- 1 sprig fresh basil
- 1 hot pepper, or 1 tablespoon red pepper flakes
- 3 tablespoons dried oregano
- 1 tablespoon spicy Spanish paprika
- 3 tablespoons sweet Spanish paprika
- 1 tablespoon dried thyme
- Extra virgin olive oil
- 1/2 of a lemon, or a few tablespoons vinegar
- Finely chop basil leaves and hot pepper.
- Mix chopped basil and hot pepper with the rest of spices in a bowl, and then rub onto chicken using your hands. Coat all surfaces thoroughly.
- Drizzle olive oil over chicken, a bit at a time, continuing to rub chicken with your hands.
- Squeeze lemon juice (or drizzle vinegar) over chicken.
- Allow to marinate for 20 minutes to 2 hours. Roast or grill chicken.
Adobo for Game Birds
This adobo is good for wild birds, such as quail and pheasant.
- 1 bay leaf
- 3 cloves garlic
- 1 tablespoon dried oregano
- 1 teaspoon sweet Spanish paprika
- 1/2 teaspoon crushed red peppers
- 1/2 cup olive oil
- 1/4 cup red wine vinegar
- Crush the bay leaf and garlic in a mortar and pestle (or with the side of a knife), and place in a glass bowl large enough to fit bird(s).
- Add the rest of the ingredients and allow to sit for 1 hour.
- Add bird(s) and marinate for 1 hour in mixture, or use it to baste while grilling.