Lambrusco is an unusual sparkling red wine from Italy. Light, flavorful, and zesty, it is the perfect wine for a picnic or barbecue, matching well with platters of cold cuts, grilled chicken, and grilled vegetables.
In general, lambrusco is a red wine whose primary characteristics are sparkle, lightness, and low alcohol content (about 11 percent). Lambrusco's sparkle is considerably less pronounced than that of Champagne or Franciacorta. The fizz rises up when the wine is poured, then settles, leaving a faint ring of white around the edge of the glass. Lambrusco is also characteristically light, without much in the way of tannins or body.
It's also an ancient wine, mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo, who was astonished by the size of the barrels made to contain the harvest, as well as the Roman authors Virgil, Pliny, and Cato. There's no telling exactly what the lambrusco that the ancient Romans drank was like, but in the 1300s, the Bolognese agriculturist Pier de' Crescenzi discussed its cultivation. Since then, a steady stream of poets has sung its praises.
Why Drink Lambrusco?
Lambrusco is delightfully refreshing, with a sparkle-enlivened bouquet that can vary from fruity, with pleasant overtones, to floral, with hints of violets and heather. On the palate, it is zesty, with nice fruit flavors and a clean finish. Since it is relatively acidic, it goes especially well with foods that are oily or that contain mayonnaise (such as grilled sausages, potato salad, etc.).
One important thing to keep in mind is that Lambrusco can be either dry or sweet (the characteristics of the individual wines will remain constant from year to year). Grilled chicken with a dry sparkling wine that leaves the palate clean will be quite different from the same chicken with a sweeter sparkling wine that would go better with a peach. Fortunately, the label does come to your assistance: secco means dry, while amabile means sweet. Read carefully, and if you're in doubt, taste a bottle before buying several for your picnic.
Varieties of Lambrusco
Lambrusco is produced in Northern Italy's Emilia-Romagna region, more specifically, in the area extending from Reggio Emilia through Modena, Bologna, and up to Mantova. There are a number of different kinds, made from different varietals of the Lambrusco grape, all of which come in either sweet or dry. All of these wines should be drunk young. The principal varieties are:
- Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro: Produced in the province of Modena, from the grasparossa varietal, and up to 15 percent uva d'oro or other lambrusco varietals. Red with violet highlights, lively but evanescent sparkle, very pronounced fruity bouquet, and (for lambrusco) considerable tannic structure.
- Lambrusco di Sorbara: A wine produced in the province of Modena from 60 percent sorbara and 40 percent salamino grapes. Ruby to garnet red, lively but evanescent sparkle, a floral bouquet with violet overtones, and bright acidity that also carries through on the palate. Of the various lambruschi, it's the most acidic, and very well suited to fatty grilled meats.
- Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce: A wine produced in the province of Modena, from the salamino varietal, with up to 15 percent other varietals or uva d'oro. It is ruby red, with lively but evanescent sparkle, very fruity bouquet, and more structure than most lambruschi.
- Lambrusco Reggiano: Made with lambrusco (the marani, salamino, montericco and maestri varietals), with up to 15 percent ancellotta grapes. From a light pink to lively red in color with a delicate and long-lasting sparkle, pleasing bouquet, and light body.
- Lambrusco Mantovano: Produced with lambrusco (the viadanse, maestri, marani and salamino varietals), as well as ancellotta and fortana grapes. It is ruby red, with a vinous bouquet that has violet overtones.
- Lambrusco Rosato: A type of lambrusco rosé, partially fermented off the skins to produce a lighter wine. This is a relatively new wine that is gaining in popularity.
For something very different, try Tiziano, the super Tuscan made by Rietine, a small winery in the township of Gaiole in Chianti. "I decided that if I was going to make an alternative wine (another term for super Tuscan, or table wine) I might as well do something really different," the owner said, explaining that he uses an ancient variety of lambrusco, which produces small bunches of widely separated grapes, and cuts it with an equal volume of Merlot. The wine is still, rather than sparkling, with delightful strawberry and tobacco overtones in the bouquet, and is surprisingly rich on the palate, with lots of ripe fruit. It also ages quite well and gives an excellent indication of the Lambrusco grape's potential for producing wines for more serious occasions.