Cheesecake is one of those desserts that can have a few pitfalls, the most common of which is that the top can crack while baking. As it turns out, though, there are several missteps that can lead to cracking.
The following cheesecake tips will help keep you on track so your cheesecakes turn out beautifully. Note that they don't necessarily appear in order of importance, but rather in order of the actual steps of baking the cheesecake.
Tips for Making the Perfect Cheesecake
- Ingredients: To begin with, don't use whipped cream cheese that comes in one of those plastic tubs. Only use solid, rectangular blocks of cream cheese. The stuff in tubs has air whipped into it and it won't give you the right texture. Also, full-fat cream cheese (and sour cream) works best.
- Room Temperature: Make sure all of the ingredients—the cream cheese, sour cream, eggs, and even the sugar—are at room temperature. This will allow the ingredients to blend together better, giving you a smoother cheesecake. If the cream cheese is too cold, it can ultimately lead to a lumpy cheesecake.
- Don't Overbeat: You want to mix the batter thoroughly, but not too thoroughly. Overbeating can cause the cheesecake to crack when you bake it. When you're combining the sugar, cream cheese, eggs, and other ingredients, do it on medium-low speed. The paddle attachment (as opposed to the whip attachment) of a stand mixer is best so that you don't beat too much air into the batter.
- Use a Springform Pan: The best pan for baking a cheesecake is a springform pan. These pans have removable sides, so you can release your cake without having to flip the whole pan over. With a delicate cheesecake, flipping the pan can mean disaster. Make sure to grease the pan (bottom and sides) before you press the graham cracker crumbs into the bottom and pour in the batter. Melted butter is great for greasing the pan, but you can just rub it with a cold nub of butter or even spray it with cooking spray. They make springform pans with a nonstick coating but it's better safe than sorry.
- Keep it Moist: A dry cheesecake will also crack. To prevent this, bake your cheesecake with a pan of water in the oven. This will generate steam, and a steam oven will prevent the cheesecake from drying out. This is similar to the way we bake a crème brûlée in a water bath—both crème brûlée and cheesecake are essentially baked custards. You can do this with a cheesecake, too, but you have to wrap the springform pan with foil to make sure the water doesn't seep in and make it soggy. Play it safe and put the roasting pan of water on the lower rack and bake the cheesecake on the rack above.
- No Peeking: Don't open the oven while baking! You don't want to let all that steamy air out. Changes in temperature during baking can cause the cheesecake to crack or sink in the middle.
- No Poking: Don't poke anything into the center of cheesecake to see if it's done. Since cheesecake can't be tested for doneness like a regular cake, all you'll do is make a hole in it. That also goes for instant-read thermometers. Instead, just give it a jiggle. If it's firm at the edges and still wobbles a little in the center, it's done. If it's liquidy, cook for a few more minutes.
If something does go wrong, your cheesecake will probably still taste great. If it comes out cracked, you can always cover the cracks with fruit or even a simple sour cream frosting. If it's lumpy, promise yourself you'll let your ingredients come to room temperature next time. If you can't get it out of the pan, break out the forks and dig right in.