Tom Collins Cocktail

Tom Collins

The Spruce Eats

  • Total: 3 mins
  • Prep: 3 mins
  • Cook: 0 mins
  • Yield: 1 cocktail (1 serving)

One sip and you'll discover why the Tom Collins is a true classic. It's been a favorite cocktail for over a century and is a tall, refreshing gin sour that's incredibly easy to mix up.

The Tom Collins belongs to the "Collins" family of mixed drinks. The primary difference between each is the base liquor and, in this case, it's gin. It's a rather transparent mix, so your choice of gin will have the greatest impact on its flavor. While you don't need to use the best gin, it will be better with something that's at least mid-shelf.

Beyond the gin, you will need lemon juice, simple syrup, and club soda. They're all very common drink ingredients and likely to be in your bar or kitchen right now. The simplicity is one reason why the Tom Collins has long been a staple for drinkers worldwide.


Steps to Make It

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Tom Collins Ingredients
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  2. In a collins glass filled with ice cubes, pour the gin, lemon juice, and simple syrup.

    liquid in glass with ice
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  3. Stir thoroughly.

    stir ingredients
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  4. Top with club soda.

    final drink
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  5. Garnish with a cherry and an orange or lemon slice. You can pin the cherry to the citrus fruit using a cocktail pick and create a garnish known as a "flag" as well.

    Tom Collins Final Shot
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  6. Serve and enjoy!


  • If you prefer, shake the gin, juice, and syrup then strain it into a glass with fresh ice. Yet another option is to place a shaker tin over the glass after adding those ingredients and give it a short shake before topping it with soda.

Old-Fashioned or Modern Gin

The Tom Collins can be traced back to the 1800s because it made an appearance in the first bartending book printed. As with many recipes in "Professor" Jerry Thomas' "Bon Vivant's Companion," it's very likely that the drink was a hit years before the book's 1877 printing. 

Back in Thomas' time, "gin" often referred to Old Tom Gin, Plymouth Gin, or Holland gin (known better as genever, today). If you want a taste of the Tom Collins made in the truly classic style, try it with one of those.

There are many more choices in gin today. This recipe—along with other classic gin cocktails—is ideal for exploring all of these options. Each gin will change the profile of the drink, giving you a new and fascinating taste every time.

Among your options are the classic London dry gins. Brands like Beefeater, Tanqueray, and Bombay Sapphire all make an excellent Tom Collins. To give the drink a modern spin, pour one of the new gins like Hendrick's, Aviation, or G'Vine. 

Sugar, Syrup, or Sour Mix

You have even more choices when it comes to the drink sweetener in this recipe. Traditionally, granulated white sugar was used. If you opt for this, consider a superfine sugar rather than the regular cane sugar from your kitchen. The smaller crystals dissolve better and won't leave unsightly clumps at the bottom of your glass.

To bypass any problems with dissolving, opt for the recipe's suggestion of simple syrup. If you have sugar, water, and a pan for the stove, you can make simple syrup in just a few minutes

The last option is to create a sour mix. This combines the lemon juice and syrup into one easy-to-pour mixer. It's very convenient and used in cocktails from margaritas to "iced teas." It can also be used in any recipe that calls for citrus juice and simple syrup separately. Yet, it doesn't quite give you the flexibility of adapting the sweet and sour to taste.

No matter which sweetener you choose, it's best to tweak it and the citrus to your individual taste. The volumes used in this recipe are a good starting point, but you will find that it needs some adjustment depending on the gin you pour.

The Soda

The Tom Collins is one of the popular gin and soda drinks. While some of these call for a specific soda (think gin and tonic), others leave it up to the drinker and bartender.

Today, it's very common to turn to club soda for the Tom Collins, though any clear carbonated water you have in stock will work. Seltzer straight out of the soda siphon is the most traditional option. Club soda, with its nearly indistinguishable flavor, is the second-best choice.

Though they don't make a bad Tom Collins, sweeter sodas like ginger ale or a lemon-lime soda can be a little too sweet. If they are your only options, hold back on the sweetener to maintain a good balance. Also, if you want to get technical about it, pouring ginger ale would be more like an enhanced gin buck.

How Strong Is a Tom Collins?

As with most soda highballs, the Tom Collins is a light drink. In fact, the majority of wines are stronger than this cocktail! On average, when made with an 80-proof gin, its alcohol content should be in the 9 percent ABV (18 proof) range. That's perfectly casual and why this has long been a favorite recipe for happy hour.

Recipe Variations

  • You can replace the gin with whiskey to get a John Collins. Similarly, switch to the vodka Collins or the brandy Collins. The rum Collins uses white rum, but the Charlie Collins calls specifically for a Jamaican rum. You can also pour tequila for a Juan Collins.
  • From there, use the Collins formula to create fascinating cocktails with any extra flavors you like. The American Collins, for example, adds bing cherries and blueberries to the gin recipe while the lavender Sapphire Collins uses a floral syrup.
  • When you want something very unique, try the rhubarb Collins with homemade rhubarb syrup.
  • Don't stop there. As you learn to love the Tom Collins and all of its cocktail cousins, you'll begin to daydream about more possibilities. Follow this inspiration and enjoy your new creations.

Watch Now: Two Simple Ways to Make Sour Mix