Top 9 Symbolic Chinese Foods: From Fish to Fowl

Is there any major holiday that isn't celebrated with a special festive food? Given the important role food plays in Chinese culture, it is not surprising that many foods have symbolic meaning. The symbolic significance of a food may be based on its appearance or on how the Chinese word for it sounds. Here are several symbolic Chinese foods.

  • 01 of 10


    Traditional Chinese tea eggs
    Roy Hsu/Photographer's Choice RF/Getty Images

    Eggs hold a special symbolic significance in many cultures, and China is no exception. The Chinese believe eggs symbolize fertility. After a baby is born, parents may hold a "red egg and ginger party," where they pass out hard boiled eggs to announce the birth. (In some regions of China, the number of eggs presented depends on the sex of the child: an even number for a girl and an odd number if a boy has been born). 

  • 02 of 10


    Chinese Wonton Soup Noodles
    Lars Ruecker / Getty Images

    Noodles are a symbol of longevity in Chinese culture. They are as much a part of a Chinese birthday celebration as a birthday cake with lit candles is in many countries. Since noodles do symbolize long life, it is considered very unlucky to cut up a strand.  

  • 03 of 10


    Ginger-Soy Steamed Fish. Farina Kingsley, reprinted with permission of YC Media.

    Although westerners sometimes balk at the sight of an entire fish lying on a plate, in China a fish served whole is a symbol of prosperity. In fact, at a banquet, it is customary to serve the whole fish last, pointed toward the guest of honor. Fish also has symbolic significance because the Chinese word for fish, yu, sounds like the word for riches or abundance, and it is believed that eating fish will help your wishes come true in the year to come.

  • 04 of 10


    Traditional Peking Duck
    Matej Pribelsky/Getty Images

    If you are ever invited to a Chinese wedding banquet, don't be surprised to spot a mouthwatering platter of Peking duck on the banquet table. Ducks represent fidelity in Chinese culture. Also, red dishes are featured at weddings as red is the color of happiness. (You'll find them served at New Year's banquets for the same reason.)

    Continue to 5 of 10 below.
  • 05 of 10


    Bowls of Chinese spicy chicken dish and rice

    In Chinese culture, chicken forms part of the symbolism of the dragon and Phoenix. At a Chinese wedding, chicken's feet (sometimes referred to as phoenix feet) are often served with dragon foods such as lobster. Chicken is also popular at Lunar New Year, symbolizing a good marriage and the coming together of families (serving the bird whole emphasizes family unity).

  • 06 of 10

    Seeds (Lotus seeds, Watermelon Seeds, etc)

    Lotus seed sell in the market
    Jethuynh / Getty Images

    Visit an Asian bakery during the Lunar New Year, and you're likely to find a wide assortment of snacks with different types of seeds in them. The seed-filled treats represent bearing many children in Chinese culture.

  • 07 of 10

    Fruit - Tangerines, Oranges and Pomelos

    Man Holding Tangerines On A Wooden Tray
    Anfisa Kameneva / EyeEm / Getty Images

    Tangerines and oranges are passed out freely during Lunar New Year as the words for tangerine and orange sound like luck and wealth, respectively. As for pomelos, this large ancestor of the grapefruit signifies abundance, as the Chinese word for pomelo sounds like the word for "to have."

  • 08 of 10


    Pyramidal Sticky Rice Cake in rows, Nong Khai

    And what about the sweet, steamed cakes that are so popular during the Lunar New Year season? Cakes such as Sticky Rice Cake have symbolic significance on many levels. Their sweetness symbolizes a rich, sweet life, while the layers symbolize rising abundance for the coming year. Finally, the round shape signifies family reunion.

    Continue to 9 of 10 below.
  • 09 of 10

    Don't Forget the Vegetables!

    Bamboo shoots for sale at the morning market
    Peter Ptschelinzew / Getty Images

    Chinese garlic chives symbolize eternity, while cone-shaped bamboo shoots are a symbol of wealth.
    "Do not dismiss the dish saying that it is just, simply food. The blessed thing is an entire civilization in itself." (Abdulhak Sinasi )

  • 10 of 10

    Symbolic Recipes

    Kung Pao Chicken
    TheCrimsonMonkey / Getty Images

    Here are recipes featuring symbolic Chinese food:
    Kung Pao Chicken
    Longevity Noodles
    Peking Duck
    Red Cooked Chicken or Soy Sauce Chicken
    Sweet and Sour Fish
    Tea Eggs