Traditional Plantain Mofongo Recipe

Traditional Puerto Rican Plantain Mofongo Recipe

The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

Prep: 15 mins
Cook: 5 mins
Total: 20 mins
Servings: 4 servings
Nutrition Facts (per serving)
620 Calories
34g Fat
57g Carbs
28g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4
Amount per serving
Calories 620
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 34g 43%
Saturated Fat 7g 33%
Cholesterol 40mg 13%
Sodium 990mg 43%
Total Carbohydrate 57g 21%
Dietary Fiber 4g 15%
Total Sugars 25g
Protein 28g
Vitamin C 21mg 103%
Calcium 21mg 2%
Iron 1mg 8%
Potassium 902mg 19%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)

Plantain mofongo is thought to originate in Puerto Rico, and is a dish made from fried green (unripe) plantains mashed together with garlic and crackling pork rinds, also known as chicharrón. To make mofongo, the plantains are sliced and fried until tender, and then mashed with garlic paste and pork cracklings. The mixture can either be formed into balls or a half-dome shape. Mofongo is traditionally mashed in a mortar and pestle, but you can use a potato masher if you don't have one.

This plantain recipe most likely stems from African cuisine—enslaved people brought a dish called foo foo or fufu to the Caribbean, which is made in the same manner from various mashed starchy vegetables, such as yams, cassava, and plantains. There are also similar mashed plantain dishes from the other Spanish-speaking islands; Cuba has fufu de plátano and The Dominican Republic has mangú.

Mofongo is a side dish as well as the main course, especially when it is stuffed with meat or seafood. It can be accompanied by a protein, such as chicken or shrimp, and beans and rice, but is also often presented in a bowl with a broth poured over the top. The Puerto Rican dish is also served directly out of the mortar.


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"The mofongo was very good. It was a quick and easy preparation and the plantain slices were perfectly fried in about 4 minutes. I used a deep fryer to fry mine, and it was practically effortless." —Diana Rattray

Traditional Plantain Mofongo/Tester Image
A Note From Our Recipe Tester


  • Vegetable oil, for frying

  • 3 medium green, unripe plantains

  • 1 tablespoon garlic paste

  • 6 ounces pork rinds or cracklings, crushed

  • Kosher salt, to taste

Steps to Make It

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    ingredients to make traditional Puerto Rican Plantain Mofongo

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  2. Heat about 2 inches of oil over medium-high heat in a large skillet or deep fryer to 350 F.

    oil heating in a stainless steel skillet

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  3. While the oil is heating up, peel the plantains and cut into 1-inch rounds.

    peeled plantains cut in rounds on a cutting board

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  4. Fry the plantains until golden and tender, 4 to 6 minutes.

    plantains frying in oil

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  5. Remove cooked plantains from the pan or fryer to a paper-towel-lined plate.

    fried plantains on a paper towel lined plate

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  6. Put the garlic paste in a large bowl or mortar and add the fried plantains, in batches, if necessary. Mash thoroughly.

    mashed plantains in a bowl

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  7. Add the pork rinds. Continue to mash and mix until all of the ingredients are combined. Add salt to taste.

    mashed plantains in a bowl

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  8. Shape the mofongo into 4 balls and serve.

    Mofongo balls on a plate

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  9. Alternatively, you can make the mofongo into a half-dome shape using a small condiment bowl as a mold; push a portion of mofongo down to the bottom of the bowl.

    Mofongo in a bowl

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  10. With the back of a spoon, smooth over and level off the mix.

    mashing down mofongo into a bowl

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga

  11. Then use the spoon to scrape around the bowl and remove the mash in a half-dome shape.

    Traditional Puerto Rican Plantain Mofongo Recipe

    The Spruce/Diana Chistruga


  • Serve mofongo warm as a main dish with a spicy sofrito or broth, or serve it as a side along with meat or seafood.
  • If your mashed mofongo is too dry to hold together, add a small amount of olive oil, broth, or water, as needed.
  • Fry the mofongo just until it is golden yellow in color, not browned.

Recipe Variations

  • Add color and flavor to your mofongo with a garnish of lime wedges and chopped cilantro.
  • Add extra flavor to the mofongo mixture with a few tablespoons of finely chopped cilantro and a dash of smoked paprika. 

How to Store Mofongo

  • Mofongo is best eaten right away because it can becomes quite dry and crumbly as it sits, and the pork rinds will lose their crispiness. Leftovers may be stored in an airtight container for up to 3 days.
  • To reheat leftover mofongo, heat it on the stovetop over medium-low heat, adding water or broth as needed for moisture.