Types of Cabbages From Green to Savoy

  • 01 of 07

    Types of Cabbages

    Three common cabbages: red, green, and savoy

    Kirk Weddle / Getty

    Discover the differences among cabbages, such as green, Savoy, red, Napa, bok choy, and brussels sprouts, and learn what to do with them.

    No matter what type you buy, look for cabbage heads that feel heavy for their size and–except for Napa cabbage–have tightly packed leaves. While you don't want bruised or beaten up vegetables, you can peel off and discard the outer leaves, so they need not be pristine.

  • 02 of 07

    Green Cabbage

    Green cabbage with distinctive fanlike leaves

    Molly Watson / The Spruce

    Basic. Solid. Compact. Long-lasting.

    Green cabbage is the Toyota (or Honda!) of cabbages. Use it in salads and slaws, stir-fry it, or long-cook it to bring out its essential sweet nature. Look for heads that feel heavy for their size (which can range from softball to almost basketball size), with tightly packed, moist looking leaves. The queen of slaw, green cabbage can stand up to even the heaviest, creamiest, or spiciest of dressings.

  • 03 of 07

    Savoy Cabbage

    Savoy cabbage has textured, wrinkled leaves

    Paul Williams / Funkystock / Getty

    Savoy cabbage is also known as curly cabbage. With ruffled, lacy, deeply ridged leaves, Savoy cabbages are perhaps the prettiest cabbages around. The leaves are more loosely layered and less tightly packed than green or red cabbage, although its uses are similar. It is delicious thinly sliced in salads, quickly stir-fried, or braised in butter.

    Savoy cabbage is a bit more tender than other cabbages and works nicely as a fresh and crunchy wrap; try using it in place of rice paper or tortillas with your favorite fillings.

  • 04 of 07

    Red Cabbage

    Red cabbage, thinly sliced
    Achim Sass / Getty

    Red cabbage looks like green cabbage except, well, it's red. To be more specific, it's a lovely magenta. Red cabbage heads tend to be a bit smaller than green cabbages but look for similarly tightly packed, moist-looking leaves and heads that feel heavy for their size. Red cabbage is delicious thinly sliced in salads like Red Cabbage Slaw or cooked. It's also lovely pickled, served with fish tacos (just use it instead of store-bought coleslaw).

    Note: Red cabbage turns an odd blue color when cooked. Mitigate this effect by adding some sort of acid (vinegar or lemon juice are common choices) when cooking it.

    Continue to 5 of 7 below.
  • 05 of 07

    Napa Cabbage

    Napa cabbage, also called Chinese cabbage
    Susan McWhinney / Getty

    Napa cabbage is sometimes called Chinese cabbage or celery cabbage. Napa cabbage doesn't look like head cabbages; it has long, light green leaves that flower off of thick, white stalks. It looks a bit like a cross between romaine lettuce and pale Swiss chard. It has a lovely mild flavor with a peppery kick that is delicious in salads or stir-frys. You can also turn it into spicy kimchi.

  • 06 of 07

    Bok Choy

    Bundles of baby bok choy
    Timothy Hearsum / Getty

    Bok Choy (and its youthful friend, baby Bok Choy) has distinct leaves growing from a central stalk. It looks a fair amount like Swiss chard but with pale green stalks and leaves. It has a mild but bright ​cabbage-y flavor. Bok Choy is most often used in stir-frys, but braising also brings out its sweet flavor. Baby bok choy can be cooked whole if you like, but all bok choy is perhaps at its best when the leaves are separated and cooked loose.

  • 07 of 07

    Brussels Sprouts

    Brussels sprouts on the stalk

    Molly Watson  / The Spruce

    Brussels Sprouts are tiny cabbages and are usually sold loose, but if you find them sold on the stalk, know that they will keep for several weeks if chilled.

    Trim the ends, peel off any dark green leaves from each sprout, and then you can make roasted brussels sprouts, steamed brussels sprouts, or brussels sprouts with bacon.