Ukrainian Christmas Bread (Kolach)

Ukrainian Christmas bread kolach recipe

The Spruce / Nita West

  • Total: 80 mins
  • Prep: 20 mins
  • Cook: 60 mins
  • Rising: 3 hrs
  • Yield: 1 loaf (8 servings)

This recipe for Ukrainian Christmas bread or kolach is a slightly sweet yeast bread that is braided and shaped into either an oblong loaf, a round braided loaf, or three separate round braids stacked one on top of the other.

In the case of a stacked kolach, a candle is placed in the middle and is an essential part of the Christmas Eve supper (Sviata Vechera). The bread isn't eaten until Christmas Day because it contains eggs and Orthodox Christians fast for Advent, including Christmas Eve.

Kolach is a symbol of good luck, eternity, prosperity, and also is featured at memorial services for the dead.


  • For the Yeast:
  • 1 (1/4-ounce) package active dry yeast
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1/3 cup lukewarm water
  • 3 large eggs (room-temperature)
  • For the Dough:
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 2 tablespoons oil
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup lukewarm water
  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • Glaze: 1 egg yolk beaten with 1 teaspoon water

Steps to Make It

  1. Gather the ingredients.

    Ingredients for Ukrainian Christmas bread
    The Spruce / Nita West
  2. Prepare the yeast mixture. In a small bowl, mix together the yeast, sugar and lukewarm water. Let stand 15 minutes or until bubbly.

    Mug of yeast
    The Spruce / Nita West
  3. Make the dough. In a large bowl or a stand mixer, beat the eggs until thick. Beat in the yeast mixture, sugar, oil, and salt.​

    Make the dough
    The Spruce / Nita West
  4. Then add the 1/2 cup lukewarm water and mix until fully incorporated.

    Add water
    The Spruce / Nita West
  5. Add 2 cups of the flour and mix well. Add remaining 2 cups of flour and knead until dough is smooth and blistered.

    Add flour
    The Spruce / Nita West
  6. Place dough in a greased bowl. Cover with greased plastic wrap and let rise 1 hour or until doubled.

    Let dough rise
    The Spruce / Nita West
  7. Punch down dough and let rise again until doubled. Knead by hand a few times and then turn out onto a lightly floured board

    Punch down dough
    The Spruce / Nita West
  8. Divide the dough into three equal pieces and braid. Shape into an oblong loaf and place on a parchment-lined baking pan. Or shape into a circle, joining the ends, and place in a greased 10-inch tube pan.

    Braid dough
    The Spruce / Nita West
  9. Cover with greased plastic wrap and let rise in a warm place until almost doubled.

    Braided dough
    The Spruce / Nita West
  10. Heat oven to 350 F. Bake 50 to 60 minutes or until an instant-read thermometer registers 180 F.

    The Spruce / Nita West
  11. Brush bread with 1 egg yolk beaten with 1 teaspoon water the last 5 minutes of baking or until an instant-read thermometer registers 190 degrees.

    Brush with butter
    The Spruce / Nita West
  12. Remove from oven and turn out of pans to cool completely on a wire rack.

    Let cool
    The Spruce / Nita West
  13. Enjoy as a lightly sweet dessert with tea or coffee after a meal or with butter for breakfast.

    Butter bread
    The Spruce / Nita West


  • This recipe will make either 1 braided oblong loaf or 1 braided round loaf. To make three round braided loaves that are stacked on top of each other, triple the recipe. The three loaves should be baked in 3 tube pans of decreasing size, 12-inch, 10-inch, and 8-inch would be perfect.