Dobryj vechir, Sviaty vechir. Dobrym liudiam na zdorovja.
-- "Good evening, Holy evening. To good people for good health."
01 of 09
Kutya also is known as kutia, koljivo, colivă, koliva, sochivo, and more depending on which country you happen to be in. This first-course Christmas Eve pudding of sorts is typically made with wheat berries that are sweetened with honey and sometimes augmented with poppy seeds, dried fruits, and nuts.
As in Russian families, the kutya is eaten from a common dish to symbolize unity and, in some families, a spoonful of kutya is thrown up to the ceiling. If it sticks, a plentiful honey harvest can be expected.
02 of 09
03 of 09
04 of 09
Freshwater fish, usually whitefish, carp, lake perch, trout or pike, is always part of the dinner.
It is served whole or filleted, breaded and fried, poached, baked, stewed or glazed with aspic, depending on family preferences, and often several varieties appear on the table -- one fried and one prepared another way.Continue to 5 of 9 below.
05 of 09
06 of 09
Cereals and grains show up as the filling for holubtsi or cabbage rolls. Another interesting vegetarian spin on this dish is bread-stuffed beet leaf rolls. Meatless varenyky, pyrohy and other dumplings abound. And a special treat is savory pampushky, which can be made savory or in a sweet variety with yeast dough (see Desserts, below).
07 of 09
08 of 09
Dessert on Christmas Eve in the strictest Ukrainian Orthodox households is just dried fruits and nuts or a fruit compote known as uzvar, which is virtually identical to Polish Kompot and Russian vzvar.
This sweet concoction, made of dried fruits, like apples, pears, sour cherries, prunes, currants, raspberries, gooseberries, and raisins, is mixed with honey and sometimes spices and boiled in water. It's half drink, half stewed fruit.
Some families serve more elaborate desserts like pampushky, which are fried doughnuts filled with poppy seed, apricot or prune filling, much like Polish pączki.Continue to 9 of 9 below.
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