What Is Stinging Nettle?

Buying, Cooking, and Recipes

Stinging nettle in the kitchen.
Stinging nettle can be found in many kitchens.

Getty Images

Don't be intimidated by the name, stinging nettle in your food won't hurt you a bit. For centuries, this herb has been used in traditional medicine as well as in culinary applications, in place of other greens in a side dish and as a flavorful pesto on pasta.

What is Stinging Nettle?

Stinging nettle is an herb native to Europe, North Africa and throughout areas of Asia. Because of its numerous health benefits and versatility, the plant traveled with explorers and now grows all over the world, from North America to New Zealand. As the name suggests, this plant's leaves do sport stingers: tiny trichomes, or hollow hairs.

While coming into contact with this plant in its raw form does hurt, the effect will wear off and its trichomes can easily be removed for safe ingestion. Cooks throughout history have done just that: making tea, blending into pesto and sauces, and serving them as a leafy green vegetable.

Stinging nettle smoothies
Smoothies made with stinging nettle. Getty Images 
Stinging nettle
Bright bunches of stinging nettle. Getty Images 
Stinging nettle at the dinner table
A bowl of ready-to-use stinging nettle. Getty Images 
Cooking with stinging nettle
Steep stinging nettle to make an extract or tea. Getty Images 
Stinging nettle tea
Stinging nettle tea is part of traditional medicine.  Getty Images
Stinging nettle
Stinging nettle has a place in the kitchen. Getty Images 

How To Cook Stinging Nettle

Before you cook with this plant, make sure it's very clean — you don't want to ingest the stinging hairs. Wash it well while wearing gloves to break up the needles or cook it down so they melt away.

Anything you can do with spinach you can basically do with stinging nettle, and more. Cook it down like a leafy green and add to soup and creamy risotto, layer it into lasagna, and bake into egg casseroles. Blend it with yogurt, fruit, and honey like you would kale or spinach for an extra-nutritious smoothie. If you use it raw, first crush the hollow "needles" flat using the blunt end of a knife or pressing down with a drinking glass. This can be done wearing gloves to ensure you don't get stung. Blanching the leaves briefly in boiling water will also remove the stingers.

To make tea, steep cleaned nettle leaves in boiling water for at least five minutes and then strain and sweeten as desired.

What Does Stinging Nettle Taste Like?

Stinging nettle tastes like mild spinach without the strong iron flavor. It's green and grassy-tasting, not unlike other dark leafy plants, with a bit of a peppery bite, like arugula.

Stinging Nettle Recipes

Try stinging nettles in any of these vibrant, seasonal green recipes:

Where to Buy Stinging Nettle

You'll only find stinging nettle sold in tea form, and is fairly common in health food stores. To try the plant in its fresh leaf form, you'll either need to comb a foraging stand at the farmers' market, or pick it yourself. Finding the plant in the wild isn't too hard, and the jagged-leafed stalk grows like a weed wherever it takes root. You can also plant stinging nettle in your own garden, though we recommend giving it a patch away from other vegetables so it doesn't take over.

Storage

Pick stinging nettle fresh and use it right away. Or place the cut plants in a jar of water like you would cut flowers to prolong its life to about five days in the refrigerator. If you plan on preparing and cleaning the leaves before storage, you can place the damp plant between paper towels and store in a plastic bag or container for up to three days.

Nutrition and Benefits

Stinging nettle leaves pack in Vitamins A, B, C, and K, essential amino acids, fatty acids, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and more. It's also rich in antioxidant pigments like beta-carotene, lutein, and luteoxanthin.

Those same trichomes that give stinging nettle its sting contribute anti-inflammatory properties used in traditional medicine to ease the aches of arthritis. Stinging nettle is also used as an herbal supplement in the form of capsules or tea, and can help lower blood pressure, lessen hay fever symptoms, and promote liver function.

Varieties

Stinging nettle comes under the simple name "nettle" on most teas and commercial packaging. There are about 18 varieties in the genus Urtica, including wood nettle, horse nettle, spurge nettle, and more. All look similar, can be eaten, are highly nutritious and have the same troublesome hairs.