What Is Angus Beef?

A Guide to Buying and Cooking Angus Beef

Angus Beef

The Spruce Eats / Lindsay Kreighbaum 

If you are purchasing ground meat at the supermarket or ordering a steak at a restaurant—whether a top steakhouse or fast-food chain—you are likely to find the label "Angus beef" listed. Angus frequently grades better on the USDA scale, but that doesn't mean that Angus is a grade of quality or that anything you buy labeled Angus is going to be better than any other cut. Actually, Angus beef has very little to do with the quality of the meat. Rather, Angus is the name of the breed of cattle. The beef is then inspected and graded (Prime or Choice), and then marketed to manufacturers, grocery stores, and restaurants. It is also set at a higher price than other types of beef.

What Is Angus Beef?

The term Angus does not imply that the beef is organic, natural, or of a higher grade than any other type of beef. Angus is the name of the breed of cattle that was specifically bred from cattle indigenous of Scotland by a man named Hugh Watson in the mid-19th century. It is believed that nearly all the Black Angus cattle alive today came from the results of Watson's attempts to maximize the black hide of these animals. In the 1870s these cattle were brought to the United States and by the 1880s, the American Angus Association was founded.

There are Black and Red Angus, but the Red Angus is not recognized by the American Angus Association and is a much rarer breed. (In fact, breeders are not permitted to register their Red Angus cattle with the American Angus Association.) The Black Angus, or more commonly, Angus, is a black-hided breed without horns (also referred to as polled). The Angus breed has a number of advantages in the quality and production of the meat, and it quickly became a favored breeding stock to reduce problems of over-breeding in other lines of cattle. Because of this, and the general popularity of Angus by ranchers, it has become the most popular breed in the United States.

The Spruce / Catherine Song.

What Does Angus Beef Taste Like?

Angus beef develops with better marbling (the amount of intramuscular fat) than most cattle. Most people agree that marbling improves flavor, tenderness, and keeps meat moist while cooking, especially at high temperatures. Beef is graded based on marbling, with the highest degree of marbling reserved for the Prime grade. (Prime represents less than three percent of all beef produced.)

How to Cook Angus Beef

Since Angus beef is a specific breed of cattle and not a specific type of beef, you cook it the same way you would cook any other meat. If you purchase ground Angus beef, you need to cook it until there is no longer any pink showing (unless you use it to make burgers—then simply cook to your liking); if you are making a roast or grilling a steak, you should cook it until it reaches your preferred doneness. Because Angus beef is generally more expensive than other beef, you want to make sure you don't overcook the cut, dry out the meat, and ruin your meal.

Angus Beef vs. Other Breeds

All beef in the United States is inspected by the U.S. Department of Agriculture; this is mandatory and is performed for the reason of food safety. However, when it comes to determining whether the beef is Angus or not, it is the breeder's responsibility to prove to the USDA that the beef is Angus—and this is as basic as showing that the cattle's hide is at least 51 percent black. To be classified as Angus, the breed of cattle is legally determined by visual inspection only (known as its phenotype). There is no genetic testing done to say exactly which breed it is.

This means that meat and meat products labeled as Angus might or might not be mostly Angus. Because Angus is the most common breed of cattle in the United States, you can feel confident that most of the meat you buy is Angus or at least partly Angus. Of the 86 USDA recognized certified brands representing 25 percent of all produced beef in the United States, 63 contain the term Angus. Angus is the magic word for beef marketing, and with that Angus label, you will pay more for the beef.

There is a lot of deception in beef labeling. Stores sell lower grade beef with stickers that say things like "Butcher's Choice" or "Prime Value." Similarly, lower graded beef or frequently ungraded beef get the Angus stamp and are sold to fast food chains as well as a whole host of other uses. This is not to say that these products are not made with Angus beef; it is just a reminder that if the label says Angus, it doesn't necessarily mean quality.

Good quality Angus beef will be labeled with the logo "Certified Angus Beef," a brand created by the American Angus Association. This brand, established in 1978, requires the beef to pass 10 quality standards falling into three categories: marbling and maturity, consistent sizing, and quality appearance and tenderness. The cattle must also be Angus by more than just a 51 percent black definition.

Recipes for Angus Beef

There really are no specific recipes using Angus beef (unless you are on the Certified Angus Beef website), so any recipe for beef will apply. A juicy burger is made even better when you use Angus beef; try a spicy Sriracha bacon burger, or treat yourself to something completely decadent like a doughnut bacon cheeseburger.

Since a nice cut of Angus beef will set you back a bit, make it count with a simple and delicious recipe.

Where to Buy Angus Beef

Almost any grocery store, butcher, and specialty food shop should carry one form or another of Angus beef. The package of meat should be clearly labeled "Angus beef;" to feel completely confident you are getting good quality Angus beef, look for the Certified Angus Beef label.

In addition to the Angus beef qualification, the meat is also distinguished by grade. Certified Angus Beef (which is graded by the USDA) must be in the top two grades, and will either be listed as Prime or Choice. Choice grade Certified Angus Beef is generally of better quality than an average cut of choice beef.

Storing Angus Beef

No matter the breed, type, or quality of the beef, it needs to be stored properly to maintain freshness and optimal flavor and texture. Raw meat can be kept in the refrigerator for up to three days without compromising safety or taste. If you plan to keep it longer, wrap well in an airtight package and place in the freezer where it can be stored for several months. Once frozen beef is thawed, it should not be refrozen as this will encourage the production of bacteria.

When handling raw meat, it is important to use separate kitchen utensils and equipment so as not to cross-contaminate other foods you are cooking. You also need to wash your hands after any contact with the raw beef.

Article Sources
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  1. US Department of Agriculture. Certified angus beef program g-1 specification. Updated June 27, 2019.