A locavore is someone who exclusively or primarily eats foods from their local or regional foodshed.
Why Do People Go Locavore?
By eating locally, most locavores hope to 1) create a greater connection between themselves and their food sources, 2) avoid industrialized and processed foods, and 3) support their local economy.
Locavores tend to get connected to their food by shopping at farmers markets (a.k.a. green markets) or join CSAs to buy produce and other products directly from farmers. Serious locavores tend to seek out food producers they want to support, rather than just buy foodstuffs that happen to come from their area.
The Benefits of Being a Locavore
By focusing more on foods available from local sources, locavores naturally move towards more whole foods and fewer processed foods. The more people start seeking out smaller producers and local foods, they tend to find more of those producers. It almost creates a bit of a feedback loop.
This, in turn, supports and connects locavores to their local economy. By buying directly from farmers and producers, locavores aim to keep the money they spend on food in their community or region, instead of going to corporations that may be across the country or somewhere else entirely.
Plenty of locavores would beg to point out that they also find themselves eating a lot of very fresh, very delicious foods in the process.
How Local Is Local?
The majority of locavores do not give themselves a strict area from which to eat, but instead buy as much of their food as they can from farmers, growers, and sellers with whom they have a relationship or whose growing or producing practices appeal to them.
That said, some locavores use a determined radius from their home to keep tabs on how local their food is. When locavorism first became popular, a 100-mile radius was a common distance for people to use. Depending on where people live and how much food production and agriculture is nearby, they may winnow that into 50 (or even fewer) miles, or up to 250. There are no strict rules.
There are also locavores who take things more extreme, relying on their own garden to the bulk of their food needs. This concept was highlighted in a One-Block Diet project.
What About Sugar and Coffee and Chocolate?
While there are locavores that truly limit their diet, most self-described locavores give themselves several exceptions to their local diet. Commonly excluded items include coffee, chocolate, salt, and/or spices—although locavores tend to try and find local coffee roasters, small-batch chocolate producers, and organic spice importers when they can.